# STARS:Maxwell's Equations

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− | {{STARSArticle|citation=<p></p>Maxwell’s Equations provide a complete description of electromagnetic phenomena and underpin all modern information and communication technologies. They are named after James Clerk Maxwell, the Scottish physicist whose pioneering work during the second half of the 19th century unified the theories of electricity, magnetism, and light. The theory of electromagnetism was built on the discoveries and advances of many scientists and engineers, but the pivotal contribution was that of Maxwell. Today, Maxwell’s Equations are the essential tools of electrical engineers in the design all types of electrical and electronic equipment.|timeline={{STARSTimeline|year1=|event1=|year2=|event2=|year3=|event3=|year4=|event4=|year5=|event5=}}|essay=<p></p>|bibliography={{STARSBibliography|Pauthor1=|Pyear1=|Ptitle1=|Ppublisher1=|Pauthor2=|Pyear2=|Ptitle2=|Ppublisher2=|Pauthor3=|Pyear3=|Ptitle3=|Ppublisher3=|Pauthor4=|Pyear4=|Ptitle4=|Ppublisher4=|Pauthor5=|Pyear5=|Ptitle5=|Ppublisher5=|Sauthor1=|Syear1=|Stitle1=|Spublisher1=|Sauthor2=|Syear2=|Stitle2=|Spublisher2=|Sauthor3=|Syear3=|Stitle3=|Spublisher3=|Sauthor4=|Syear4=|Stitle4=|Spublisher4=|Sauthor5=|Syear5=|Stitle5=|Spublisher5=}}|resume=<p></p>|complete=1281}}[[Category:]] | + | {{STARSArticle|citation=<p></p>Maxwell’s Equations provide a complete description of electromagnetic phenomena and underpin all modern information and communication technologies. They are named after James Clerk Maxwell, the Scottish physicist whose pioneering work during the second half of the 19th century unified the theories of electricity, magnetism, and light. The theory of electromagnetism was built on the discoveries and advances of many scientists and engineers, but the pivotal contribution was that of Maxwell. Today, Maxwell’s Equations are the essential tools of electrical engineers in the design all types of electrical and electronic equipment.|timeline={{STARSTimeline|year1=1785|event1=Coulomb’s Law is published|year2=1812|event2=Poisson’s Law is published|year3=1813|event3=Gauss’ Divergence Theorem is discovered|year4=1820|event4=H.C. Ørsted discovers that an electric current creates a magnetic field|year5=1820|event5=André-Marie Ampère’s work founds electrodynamics; Biot-Savart Law is discovered|year6=1826|event6=Ampère’s Law is published|year7=1831|event7=Faraday’s Law is published|year8=1856|event8=James Clerk Maxwell publishes "On Faraday’s lines of force"|year9=1861|event9=Maxwell publishes "On physical lines of force"|year10=1865|event10=Maxwell publishes "A dynamical theory of the electromagnetic field"|year11=1873|event11=Maxwell publishes Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism|year12=1870|event12=In this decade Lorentz and Helmholtz develop the electromagnetic theory of light|year13=1880|event13=In this decade Heaviside recasts equations into vector form|year14=1888|event14=Heinrich Hertz discovers radio waves|year15=1940|event15=Albert Einstein popularizes the name 'Maxwell’s Equations'|year16=1966|event16=Kane Yee introduces finite-difference time domain methods to solve Maxwell’s Equations}}|essay=<p></p>|bibliography={{STARSBibliography|Pauthor1=|Pyear1=|Ptitle1=|Ppublisher1=|Pauthor2=|Pyear2=|Ptitle2=|Ppublisher2=|Pauthor3=|Pyear3=|Ptitle3=|Ppublisher3=|Pauthor4=|Pyear4=|Ptitle4=|Ppublisher4=|Pauthor5=|Pyear5=|Ptitle5=|Ppublisher5=|Sauthor1=|Syear1=|Stitle1=|Spublisher1=|Sauthor2=|Syear2=|Stitle2=|Spublisher2=|Sauthor3=|Syear3=|Stitle3=|Spublisher3=|Sauthor4=|Syear4=|Stitle4=|Spublisher4=|Sauthor5=|Syear5=|Stitle5=|Spublisher5=}}|resume=<p></p>|complete=1281}}[[Category:]] |

## Revision as of 18:38, 30 August 2010

Author: Graham Turnbull

## Citation

Maxwell’s Equations provide a complete description of electromagnetic phenomena and underpin all modern information and communication technologies. They are named after James Clerk Maxwell, the Scottish physicist whose pioneering work during the second half of the 19th century unified the theories of electricity, magnetism, and light. The theory of electromagnetism was built on the discoveries and advances of many scientists and engineers, but the pivotal contribution was that of Maxwell. Today, Maxwell’s Equations are the essential tools of electrical engineers in the design all types of electrical and electronic equipment.## Timeline

1785 | Coulomb’s Law is published |

1812 | Poisson’s Law is published |

1813 | Gauss’ Divergence Theorem is discovered |

1820 | H.C. Ørsted discovers that an electric current creates a magnetic field |

1820 | André-Marie Ampère’s work founds electrodynamics; Biot-Savart Law is discovered |

1826 | Ampère’s Law is published |

1831 | Faraday’s Law is published |

1856 | James Clerk Maxwell publishes "On Faraday’s lines of force" |

1861 | Maxwell publishes "On physical lines of force" |

1865 | Maxwell publishes "A dynamical theory of the electromagnetic field" |

1873 | Maxwell publishes Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism |

1870 | In this decade Lorentz and Helmholtz develop the electromagnetic theory of light |

1880 | In this decade Heaviside recasts equations into vector form |

1888 | Heinrich Hertz discovers radio waves |

1940 | Albert Einstein popularizes the name 'Maxwell’s Equations' |

1966 | Kane Yee introduces finite-difference time domain methods to solve Maxwell’s Equations |

## Essay

## Bibliography

**References of Historical Significance**

**References for Further Reading**

## About the Author(s)

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