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Jerome L. Murray

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== Jerome L. Murray ==
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== Jerome L. Murray ==
  
Inventor Jerome L. Murray held seventy-five patents on technologies that impacted the daily life of nearly all Americans, from the airplane boarding ramp to a peristaltic pump that made open-heart surgery possible.
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Inventor Jerome L. Murray held seventy-five patents on technologies that impacted the daily life of nearly all Americans, from the airplane boarding ramp to a peristaltic pump that made open-heart surgery possible.  
  
Murray was born and raised in New York City and began inventing early in life. At age fifteen, he developed a windwill for Crosby Radio that would power radios for farmers living off the electrical grid.
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Murray was born and raised in New York City and began inventing early in life. At age fifteen, he developed a windwill for Crosby Radio that would power radios for farmers living off the electrical grid.  
  
He earned a degree in aeronautical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and worked for an aircraft company in Cleveland, which paid him just a dollar for each of the sixteen inventions he designed for it.
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He earned a degree in aeronautical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and worked for an aircraft company in Cleveland, which paid him just a dollar for each of the sixteen inventions he designed for it.  
  
After serving as a test pilot in World War II, he decided to start his own company, Murwood Laboratories. Here, he invented a series of successful devices.
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After serving as a test pilot in World War II, he decided to start his own company, Murwood Laboratories. Here, he invented a series of successful devices.  
  
One was the television antenna rotator. When television reception depended on receiving analog signals from a rooftop antenna, homeowners often took a risky climb to the top of their homes to get a better picture. Murray generated nearly $40 million in revenue by marketing a device that adjusted the antenna using two strings pulled from a window.
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One was the television antenna rotator. When television reception depended on receiving analog signals from a rooftop antenna, homeowners often took a risky climb to the top of their homes to get a better picture. Murray generated nearly $40 million in revenue by marketing a device that adjusted the antenna using two strings pulled from a window.  
  
Another was the airplane boarding ramp, a covered walkway connecting terminal to plane that replaced the steep, wheelchair-inaccessible portable steps at airports across the world.
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Another was the airplane boarding ramp, a covered walkway connecting terminal to plane that replaced the steep, wheelchair-inaccessible portable steps at airports across the world.  
  
He also invented two power features taken for granted in cars today: the power automotive seat and a device that automatically closed the top of a convertible. Other notable household devices he invented included the electric carving knife and the audible pressure cooker.
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He also invented two power features taken for granted in cars today: the power automotive seat and a device that automatically closed the top of a convertible. Other notable household devices he invented included the electric carving knife and the audible pressure cooker.  
  
He developed but failed to popularize a fuel-efficient four cylinder engine called the Rotorcam.
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He developed but failed to popularize a fuel-efficient four cylinder engine called the Rotorcam.  
  
 
He was most proud of the peristaltic pump, which was the first machine capable of pumping blood without harming cells. It operated through a wave-like motion. This device made it possible for surgeons to perform open-heart surgery, and its principles were later applied to kidney dialysis machines and industrial canning operations.  
 
He was most proud of the peristaltic pump, which was the first machine capable of pumping blood without harming cells. It operated through a wave-like motion. This device made it possible for surgeons to perform open-heart surgery, and its principles were later applied to kidney dialysis machines and industrial canning operations.  
  
Further reading:
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Further reading:  
  
 
Agis Salpukas, "[http://www.nytimes.com/1998/02/11/business/jerome-murray-85-a-many-faceted-inventor.html Jerome Murray, 85, a Many-Faceted Inventor]," NY Times, 11 Feb 1998.
 
Agis Salpukas, "[http://www.nytimes.com/1998/02/11/business/jerome-murray-85-a-many-faceted-inventor.html Jerome Murray, 85, a Many-Faceted Inventor]," NY Times, 11 Feb 1998.
  
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Revision as of 19:33, 22 October 2013

Jerome L. Murray

Inventor Jerome L. Murray held seventy-five patents on technologies that impacted the daily life of nearly all Americans, from the airplane boarding ramp to a peristaltic pump that made open-heart surgery possible.

Murray was born and raised in New York City and began inventing early in life. At age fifteen, he developed a windwill for Crosby Radio that would power radios for farmers living off the electrical grid.

He earned a degree in aeronautical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and worked for an aircraft company in Cleveland, which paid him just a dollar for each of the sixteen inventions he designed for it.

After serving as a test pilot in World War II, he decided to start his own company, Murwood Laboratories. Here, he invented a series of successful devices.

One was the television antenna rotator. When television reception depended on receiving analog signals from a rooftop antenna, homeowners often took a risky climb to the top of their homes to get a better picture. Murray generated nearly $40 million in revenue by marketing a device that adjusted the antenna using two strings pulled from a window.

Another was the airplane boarding ramp, a covered walkway connecting terminal to plane that replaced the steep, wheelchair-inaccessible portable steps at airports across the world.

He also invented two power features taken for granted in cars today: the power automotive seat and a device that automatically closed the top of a convertible. Other notable household devices he invented included the electric carving knife and the audible pressure cooker.

He developed but failed to popularize a fuel-efficient four cylinder engine called the Rotorcam.

He was most proud of the peristaltic pump, which was the first machine capable of pumping blood without harming cells. It operated through a wave-like motion. This device made it possible for surgeons to perform open-heart surgery, and its principles were later applied to kidney dialysis machines and industrial canning operations.

Further reading:

Agis Salpukas, "Jerome Murray, 85, a Many-Faceted Inventor," NY Times, 11 Feb 1998.