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Gaston Planté

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== Gaston Planté ==
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== Biography ==
  
Gaston Planté was a French physicist who developed the first lead-acid rechargeable electric storage battery.
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Gaston Planté was a French physicist who developed the first lead-acid rechargeable electric storage [[Batteries|battery]].
  
 
Planté was born in Orthez, France, in 1834. He became a professor of physics in Paris in the 1850s. One of his earliest accomplishments was discovering the first fossils of a prehistoric flightless bird near Paris.
 
Planté was born in Orthez, France, in 1834. He became a professor of physics in Paris in the 1850s. One of his earliest accomplishments was discovering the first fossils of a prehistoric flightless bird near Paris.
  
In 1859, Planté designed a battery that could store a useful amount of energy. Unlike the state-of-the-art Daniell Cell, it could be recharged by reversing the ordinary negative-to-positive flow of electrons. His design was built around two electrodes, an anode of lead and a cathode of lead dioxide, separated by a rubber strip and placed in sulfuric acid. This battery produced a charge of two volts, almost double that of the Daniell Cell. Planté presented a series of nine connected cells to the French Academy of Sciences in 1860. The modern lead-acid batteries modeled on Planté’s design, however, contain six cells that produce twelve volts.
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In 1859, Planté designed a battery that could store a useful amount of energy. Unlike the state-of-the-art Daniell Cell, it could be recharged by reversing the ordinary negative-to-positive flow of electrons. His design was built around two electrodes, an anode of lead and a cathode of lead dioxide, separated by a rubber strip and placed in sulfuric acid. This battery produced a charge of two volts, almost double that of the [[Daniell Cell|Daniell Cell]]. Planté presented a series of nine connected cells to the French Academy of Sciences in 1860. The modern lead-acid batteries modeled on Planté’s design, however, contain six cells that produce twelve volts.
  
 
The Planté battery has been installed in applications requiring temporary high-voltage electricity. An improved design, featuring longer life, was created by French engineer Camille Faure in 1881 and was applied in the creation of the modern twelve volt automobile battery.
 
The Planté battery has been installed in applications requiring temporary high-voltage electricity. An improved design, featuring longer life, was created by French engineer Camille Faure in 1881 and was applied in the creation of the modern twelve volt automobile battery.
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[[Category:Power,_energy_&_industry_applications]]
 
[[Category:Power,_energy_&_industry_applications]]
 
[[Category:Power_generation]]
 
[[Category:Power_generation]]

Revision as of 19:47, 13 November 2013

Biography

Gaston Planté was a French physicist who developed the first lead-acid rechargeable electric storage battery.

Planté was born in Orthez, France, in 1834. He became a professor of physics in Paris in the 1850s. One of his earliest accomplishments was discovering the first fossils of a prehistoric flightless bird near Paris.

In 1859, Planté designed a battery that could store a useful amount of energy. Unlike the state-of-the-art Daniell Cell, it could be recharged by reversing the ordinary negative-to-positive flow of electrons. His design was built around two electrodes, an anode of lead and a cathode of lead dioxide, separated by a rubber strip and placed in sulfuric acid. This battery produced a charge of two volts, almost double that of the Daniell Cell. Planté presented a series of nine connected cells to the French Academy of Sciences in 1860. The modern lead-acid batteries modeled on Planté’s design, however, contain six cells that produce twelve volts.

The Planté battery has been installed in applications requiring temporary high-voltage electricity. An improved design, featuring longer life, was created by French engineer Camille Faure in 1881 and was applied in the creation of the modern twelve volt automobile battery.