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Early Electrification of Buffalo: Contributions of Five AIEE Presidents

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It is important to note the contributions of five men associated with the Cataract Construction Company who became presidents of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, one of the predecessors of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. [[Image:14-178 Arthur Kennelly cropped.GIF|thumb|left|130x180px|Arthur Kennelly - President AIEE 1898-1900]]
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This is Part 13 of a 14 part  article.  
  
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Previous: [[Early Electrification of Buffalo: 60-Hz Replaces 25-Hz|Part 12 of 14: Early Electrification of Buffalo: 60-Hz Replaces 25-Hz]]
  
Dr. Arthur E. Kennelly President 1898-1900 -- hired as a consultant 1894 and 1895 concerning the radius of electric power distribution that might be considered reasonably profitable by the use of high-voltage alternating current.  
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It is important to note the contributions of five men associated with the Cataract Construction Company who became [[Presidents of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers (AIEE)|presidents of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers]], one of the predecessors of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.
  
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[[Image:Arthur E. Kennelly.jpg|thumb|left|104x144px|Figure 13.1  Arthur E. Kennelly]]
  
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[[Image:14-179 Charles F. Scott cropped.jpg|thumb|right|104x144px|Figure 13.2  Charles F. Scott]]
  
[[Image:14-179 Charles F. Scott cropped.GIF|thumb|right|130x180px|Charles F. Scott - President AIEE 1902-03]]  
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[[Arthur E. Kennelly|Dr. Arthur E. Kennelly]], President 1898-1900 -- hired as a consultant 1894 and 1895 concerning the radius of electric power distribution that might be considered reasonably profitable by the use of high-voltage alternating current [Fig. 13.1].<sup>i</sup>
  
Charles F. Scott President 1902-1903 --&nbsp; Westinghouse electrical engineer – developed the ‘Scott connection’ for connecting two single phase transformers to convert two-phase four-wire current to three-phase three-wire. Technical consultant to Edward Dean Adams during the writing of his two-volume ‘Niagara Power’.  
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[[Image:14-180 Lewis Stillwell cropped.GIF|thumb|left|104x144px|Figure 13.3  Lewis B. Stillwell]]
  
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[[Image:2214 - lincoln.jpg|thumb|right|104x144px|Figure 13.4  Paul M. Lincoln]]
  
[[Image:14-180 Lewis Stillwell cropped.GIF|thumb|left|130x180px|Lewis Stillwell - President AIEE 1909-10]]Lewis B. Stillwell President 1909-1910 -- In March 1897 resigned his position as chief electrical engineer and assistant manager of the Westinghouse Electric &amp; Manufacturing Co. to become Electrical Director of Cataract Construction. Resigned in September 1900 after the completion of Power House 1.  
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[[Charles F. Scott|Charles F. Scott]], President 1902-1903 --&nbsp; Westinghouse electrical engineer – developed the ‘Scott connection’ for connecting two single phase [[Transformers|transformers]] to convert two-phase four-wire current to three-phase three-wire [Fig. 13.2]. Technical consultant to Edward Dean Adams during the writing of his two-volume ‘Niagara Power’.<sup>ii</sup>
  
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[[Lewis B. Stillwell|Lewis B. Stillwell]], President 1909-1910 -- In March 1897 resigned his position as chief electrical engineer and assistant manager of the Westinghouse Electric &amp; Manufacturing Co. to become Electrical Director of Cataract Construction. Resigned in September 1900 after the completion of Power House 1 [Fig. 13.3].<sup>iii</sup>  
  
[[Image:14-181 Paul M. Lincoln cropped.GIF|thumb|right|130x180px|Paul M. Lincoln - President AIEE 1914-15]]Paul M. Lincoln President 1914-1915 -- Westinghouse engineer - joined Cataract Construction 1896 to 1902 as operating superintendent and later as resident electrician. Involved with Power House 1 and transmission to Buffalo.[[Image:14-182 Powerhouse 2 Synchroscope cropped.GIF|thumb|left|Power House 2 Synchroscope (indicated by arrow)]] Invented the synchroscope. Returned to Westinghouse and later became Professor-Director in charge of Department of Electrical Engineering at Cornell.
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[[Image:14-182 Powerhouse 2 Synchroscope cropped.GIF|thumb|left|Figure 13.5  Power House 2 Synchroscope (indicated by arrow)]]  
  
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[[Paul Lincoln|Paul M. Lincoln]], President 1914-1915 -- Westinghouse engineer - joined Cataract Construction 1896 to 1902 as operating superintendent and later as resident electrician [Fig. 13.4]. Involved with Power House 1 and transmission to Buffalo. Invented the synchroscope [Fig. 13.5]. Returned to Westinghouse and later became Professor-Director in charge of Department of Electrical Engineering at Cornell.<sup>iv</sup>&nbsp;
  
[[Image:14-183 Harold W. Buck cropped.GIF|thumb|right|130x180px|Harold W. Buck - President AIEE 1916-17]]Harold W. Buck President 1916-1917-- Engineer with General Electric. Electrical Engineer for Cataract Construction September 1901 to December 1907 in responsible charge of the allied power companies.[[Image:14-184 Insulator Types cropped.GIF|thumb|left|Test of the First 'Suspension Type' Strain Insulator by Harold W. Buck (top), at Schenectady, New York, November 24, 1905.  This Insulator Replaced the Largest Size of Porcelain Petticoat or Pin-type Insulator (bottom)]] He was instrumental in the development of suspension type insulators. All prior insulators were pin type.&nbsp; <br> <br> <pageby nominor="false" comments="false"></pageby>;
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[[Image:14-183 Harold W. Buck cropped.GIF|thumb|right|104x144px|Figure 13.Harold W. Buck]]  
  
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[[Image:14-184 Insulator Types cropped.GIF|thumb|left|Figure 13.7  Test of the First 'Suspension Type' Strain Insulator by Harold W. Buck (top), at Schenectady, New York, November 24, 1905.  This Insulator Replaced the Largest Size of Porcelain Petticoat or Pin-type Insulator (bottom)]]
  
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[[Harold Buck|Harold W. Buck]], President 1916-1917-- Engineer with General Electric. Electrical Engineer for Cataract Construction September 1901 to December 1907 in responsible charge of the allied power companies [Fig. 13.6]. He was instrumental in the development of suspension type insulators [Fig13.7].<sup>v</sup> All prior insulators were pin type.&nbsp; <br>
  
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Next: [[Early Electrification of Buffalo: 1925 Residential Electric Bill|Part 14 of 14: Early Electrification of Buffalo: Early Residential Electric Bill]]
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[[Category:Power,_energy_&_industry_application|Category:Power,_energy_&amp;_industry_application]] [[Category:Power_systems]] [[Category:Electric_power_systems]]
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== References  ==
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i. Adams, ''Niagara Power'', 1:282, 288. Adams, ''Niagara Power'', 2:270.<br>
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ii. Adams, ''Niagara Power'', 1:282, 288. Adams, ''Niagara Power'', 2:270.<br>
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iii. Adams, ''Niagara Power'', 1:284. Adams, ''Niagara Power'', 2: 202-203, 287.<br>
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iv. Adams, ''Niagara Power'', 1:287-288. Adams, ''Niagara Power'' 2:201-202. Paul M. Lincoln, “Synchronism and&nbsp; Frequency Indication,” ''Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers ''18, (1901): 255.
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v. Adams, ''Niagara Power'', 1:285, 288. Adams, Niagara Power, 2:214, 283, 354.
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[[Category:Power,_energy_&_industry_applications|Category:Power,_energy_&amp;_industry_application]] [[Category:Power_systems]] [[Category:Electric_power_systems]] [[Category:Power_engineering]] [[Category:Electrification]] [[Category:High-voltage_techniques]]

Revision as of 14:10, 13 November 2013

This is Part 13 of a 14 part  article.

Previous: Part 12 of 14: Early Electrification of Buffalo: 60-Hz Replaces 25-Hz

It is important to note the contributions of five men associated with the Cataract Construction Company who became presidents of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, one of the predecessors of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Figure 13.1   Arthur E. Kennelly
Figure 13.1 Arthur E. Kennelly
Figure 13.2   Charles F. Scott
Figure 13.2 Charles F. Scott

Dr. Arthur E. Kennelly, President 1898-1900 -- hired as a consultant 1894 and 1895 concerning the radius of electric power distribution that might be considered reasonably profitable by the use of high-voltage alternating current [Fig. 13.1].i

Figure 13.3   Lewis B. Stillwell
Figure 13.3 Lewis B. Stillwell
Figure 13.4   Paul M. Lincoln
Figure 13.4 Paul M. Lincoln

Charles F. Scott, President 1902-1903 --  Westinghouse electrical engineer – developed the ‘Scott connection’ for connecting two single phase transformers to convert two-phase four-wire current to three-phase three-wire [Fig. 13.2]. Technical consultant to Edward Dean Adams during the writing of his two-volume ‘Niagara Power’.ii

Lewis B. Stillwell, President 1909-1910 -- In March 1897 resigned his position as chief electrical engineer and assistant manager of the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Co. to become Electrical Director of Cataract Construction. Resigned in September 1900 after the completion of Power House 1 [Fig. 13.3].iii

Figure 13.5   Power House 2 Synchroscope (indicated by arrow)
Figure 13.5 Power House 2 Synchroscope (indicated by arrow)

Paul M. Lincoln, President 1914-1915 -- Westinghouse engineer - joined Cataract Construction 1896 to 1902 as operating superintendent and later as resident electrician [Fig. 13.4]. Involved with Power House 1 and transmission to Buffalo. Invented the synchroscope [Fig. 13.5]. Returned to Westinghouse and later became Professor-Director in charge of Department of Electrical Engineering at Cornell.iv 

Figure 13.6   Harold W. Buck
Figure 13.6 Harold W. Buck
Figure 13.7   Test of the First 'Suspension Type' Strain Insulator by Harold W. Buck (top), at Schenectady, New York, November 24, 1905.  This Insulator Replaced the Largest Size of Porcelain Petticoat or Pin-type Insulator (bottom)
Figure 13.7 Test of the First 'Suspension Type' Strain Insulator by Harold W. Buck (top), at Schenectady, New York, November 24, 1905. This Insulator Replaced the Largest Size of Porcelain Petticoat or Pin-type Insulator (bottom)

Harold W. Buck, President 1916-1917-- Engineer with General Electric. Electrical Engineer for Cataract Construction September 1901 to December 1907 in responsible charge of the allied power companies [Fig. 13.6]. He was instrumental in the development of suspension type insulators [Fig13.7].v All prior insulators were pin type. 

Next: Part 14 of 14: Early Electrification of Buffalo: Early Residential Electric Bill

References

i. Adams, Niagara Power, 1:282, 288. Adams, Niagara Power, 2:270.

ii. Adams, Niagara Power, 1:282, 288. Adams, Niagara Power, 2:270.

iii. Adams, Niagara Power, 1:284. Adams, Niagara Power, 2: 202-203, 287.

iv. Adams, Niagara Power, 1:287-288. Adams, Niagara Power 2:201-202. Paul M. Lincoln, “Synchronism and  Frequency Indication,” Transactions of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers 18, (1901): 255.

v. Adams, Niagara Power, 1:285, 288. Adams, Niagara Power, 2:214, 283, 354.