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Contents

Power, A Survey History of Electric Power Technology Since 1945

Power, A Survey History of Electric Power Technology Since 1945

By David Morton

© 2000 by the IEEE History Center All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, storied in an information retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, by photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the permission of the publisher. (ISBN 0-7803-9940-4)

Power, A Survey History of Electric Power Technology Since 1945

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 The Technology of the "Grid": Expansion and Extension in the 1940s and 1950s 1

Expansion of Interconnection 2

Power Shortages and the "Reliability" Crisis 5

Grid Generating Technologies 8

Grid Transmission Technologies 13

Grid Control Technologies 22

Completing the Grid 29

Chapter 2 Worldwide Electrification from the 1950s to the 1970s 31

Reproducing the Grid in Non-Western Countries 31

Case Studies from India, South America, and Africa 32

Failures in Rural Household Electrification 37

Chapter 3 From Energy Crisis to Environmental Crisis, the 1970s and 1980s 39

Nuclear Power Technologies Revisited 41

The Development of Alternative Energy Sources 45

Fuels Cells 48

Solar Power 49

Wind Power 52

Chapter 4 Conclusions 55

Notes 57

Index 67