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Property:Proposed Milestone Plaque Citation

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Pages using the property "Proposed Milestone Plaque Citation"

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"Mother of All Demos" +Placeholder, adapted from Wikipedia: The 90-minute presentation demonstrated almost all the main elements of modern personal computing and online systems like the Web: multiple windows, hypertext, graphics, efficient navigation and command input, video conferencing, the computer mouse, word processing, dynamic file linking, revision control, and a collaborative real-time editor (collaborative work).


ASCII MIlestone - IEEE NJ Coast Section +ASCII is a character-encoding scheme originally based on the Latin alphabet. Most modern character-encoding schemes are based on ASCII, though they support additional characters. Work on the ASCII standard began with the first meeting of the American Standards Association (ASA) X3.2 subcommittee and the first edition of the standard was published during 1963.
Ampex Videotape Recorder - 1956 +In 1956, Ampex Corporation of Redwood City, California, introduced the first practical videotape recorder for television stations and networks to produce and time-shift broadcasts, replacing impractical "kinescope" movie film previously used to record TV. The Emmy-award-winning Ampex "VTR" analog-video standard ruled broadcasting and video production worldwide for twenty years.


BIRTH OF THE PC OPERATING SYSTEM 1974 +Dr. Gary A. Kildall demonstrated the first working prototype of CP/M (Control Program for Microcomputers) in Pacific Grove in 1974. Together with his invention of the BIOS (Basic Input Output System), Kildall’s operating system allowed a microprocessor-based computer to communicate with a disk drive storage unit and provided an important foundation for the personal computer revolution.
Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., 1925-1983 +(Note that there will be four plaques in order to provide space to list the achievements) BELL LABS – WIRELESS AND SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS, 1925-1983 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc. introduced: the first radio astronomical observations (1933), Smith Chart (1939), early mobile phone service (1946), cellular wireless concept (1947), TDX Microwave Radio System (1947), TD Transcontinental Microwave Radio System (1950), Telstar - first active communications satellite (1962), first observation of the cosmic background radiation (1965), first U.S. cellular wireless system (1978), digital cellular technology (1980), and the AR6A SSB-SC Microwave System (1981). (65 words, not including the title) BELL LABS - DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING AND COMPUTING, 1925-1983 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc. introduced: the first electronic speech synthesizer (1937), first binary digital computer (1939), first long-distance computing (1940), digitized and synthesized music (1957), digital computer art (1962), text-to-speech synthesis (1962), UNIX operating system (1969), the C, S, and C++ languages (1972, 1976, 1976), first single-chip digital signal processor (1979), single-chip 32-bit microprocessor (1980), and the 5ESS Digital Switching System (1982). (62 words not including the title) BELL LABS - SOLID STATE AND OPTICAL DEVICES, 1925-1983 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc. introduced: the point-contact and junction transistors (1947), zone refining (1951), silicon epitaxy (1951), ion implantation (1952), solar cell (1954), oxide masking (1955), silicon gate (1956), laser concept (1957), MOSFET (1959), foil electret microphone (1962), CO2 laser (1964), heterostructure semiconductor laser (1968), charge coupled device (1969), theory of disordered states of matter (1977), heterojunction phototransistor (1980), and VLSI CMOS technology and circuits (1981). (66 words, not including the title) BELL LABS - COMMUNICATIONS THEORY AND NETWORKS, 1925-1983 Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc. introduced: type A facsimile service (1925), first long-distance television transmission (1927), negative feedback amplifier (1927), first stereo sound transmission (1933), Hamming error-correcting codes (1947), information theory (1948), direct distance dialing (1951), TAT-1 transatlantic telephone cable (1956), T1 transmission system (1962), touch-tone dialing (1963), 1ESS electronic switch (1965), first U.S. commercial fiber-optic system (1977), and wide area telephone 800 service (1978). (63 words, not including the title) (Citations modified: Mar. 2014)
Birth and Growth of Primary and Secondary Battery Industries in Japan +Yai Dry Battery Limited Partnership Company received a patent for Yai's battery invention in 1893, giving birth to the Japanese dry battery industry, and contributing to its growth. Following this success, GS Yuasa Corporation and Panasonic Corporation pioneered a huge market of both primary and secondary batteries installed in industrial equipment and in home appliances. It advanced Japanese battery industries and consumer electronics.


CRC102-A activated at Politecnico di Milano by Luigi Dadda +In September 1954, the CRC102A digital computer was activated and operated in this University, under the direction of prof. Luigi Dadda, Life Fellow of IEEE (Lodi, 29/04/1923– Milano, 26/10/2012). The CRC102A was the first operating fully electronic digital computer in continental Europe. (alt: "one of the first fully electronic digital computers" or "the first ... in a university in continental Europe" if this is deemed to be difficult to prove)


Enrico Fermi's major contribution to semiconductor statistics, Florence, Italy, 1926 +In the years from 1924 to 1926 the future Nobel laureate Enrico Fermi, while teaching at the School of Engineering of the University of Florence, developed the statistics which will be named after him; a fundamental contribution to semiconductor physics and hence to modern Electronics.


First Blind Flight: A Joint IEEE-AIAA Milestone Proposal +On 24 September 1929, the first blind takeoff, flight and landing occurred at Mitchel Field, Garden City, NY in a Consolidated NY-2 biplane piloted by Lt. James Doolittle. Equipped with specially designed radio and aeronautical instrumentation, it represented the cooperative efforts of many organizations, mainly the Guggenheim Fund’s Full Flight Laboratory, U.S. Army Air Corps, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Sperry Gyroscope Company, Kollsman Instrument Company and Radio Frequency Laboratories.
First Digitally Processed Image from a Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar +In November 1978, a team from MacDonald, Dettwiler and Associates Ltd. (MDA) became the first to use a digital processor to reconstruct an image from Seasat-A, the first civilian spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR). MDA engineers subsequently developed three of the four most important SAR digital processing algorithms that replaced the optical processing methods used previously.
First RISC Microprocessor +UC Berkeley students designed and built the first VLSI reduced instruction-set computer in 1981. The simplified instructions of RISC-I reduced the hardware for instruction decode and control, which enabled a flat 32-bit address space, a large set of registers, and pipelined execution. A good match to C programs and the Unix operating system, RISC-I influenced instruction sets widely used today, including those for game consoles, smartphones and tablets.
First Technical Meeting of AIEE 1884 +As part of the landmark International Electrical Exhibition organized by the Franklin Institute and held in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1884, the American Institute of Electrical Engineers, a predecessor of IEEE, held its first conference on 7-8 October 1884. This meeting was the first formal technical conference on electrical engineering held in the United States.
First generation and experimental proof of electromagnetic waves 1886-1888. +In this building, Heinrich Hertz first verified Maxwell's equations and prediction of electromagnetic waves in 1886-1888. He observed the reflection, refraction and polarization of the waves and, moreover, the equality of their velocity of propagation with the velocity of light. His 450 MHz transmitter and receiver demonstrated the fundamentals of high-frequency technology.


Gapless Metal Oxide Surge Arrester (MOSA) for electric power systems,1975 +Gapless Metal Oxide Surge Arrester (MOSA) for electric power systems,1975 Meidensha Corporation developed MOSA and its mass production system by innovating on Panasonic Corporation’s ZnO varistor basic patent. MOSA dramatically raised performance levels against multiple lightning strikes and contamination and led to the UHV protective device development. This technology contributed to improving the safety and reliability of electric power systems and to establishing the international standards.


Harvard Mark 1 Computer, 1944 - 1959 +The Mark I computer was a general-purpose electro-mechanical computer that could execute long computations automatically. Conceived by Harvard University's Dr. Howard Aiken, the Mark I was built by International Business Machines Corporation in New York. The machine used mechanical punch-card tabulating equipment. Considered the first large-scale electro-mechanical computer, it represented a leap forward in modern computing. Grace Hopper began her career as a programmer on Mark I.
High Temperature Superconductivity +High-Temperature Superconductivity, 1987 On this site in 1987, yttrium-barium-copper-oxide, YBa2Cu3O7, the first material to exhibit superconductivity at temperatures above the boiling point of liquid nitrogen (77k), was discovered. This ushered in an era of accelerated superconductor materials science and engineering research worldwide, and led to advanced applications of superconductivity in energy, medicine, communications, and transportation.
Hollow dielectric beam waveguide of sub-millimeter wavelength range, 1966 +A pioneering achievement in the national development of the near-millimeter and sub-millimeter wavelength ranges occurred at the Department of Quasioptics of the Institute of Radio-Physics and Electronics NASU in 1966, when the hollow dielectric beam waveguide and the kit of associated components were designed. Led by Yevgeny M. Kuleshov and Moisei S. Yanovsky, this work laid foundation for the original transmission-line technology and measuring techniques, with main application in hot plasma diagnostics in the Tokamak nuclear fusion machines.


Improvements in and relating to Sound-transmission, Sound-recording and Sound-reproduction systems by Alan Dower Blumlein +Alan Dower Blumlein filed a patent for a two-channel audio system called “stereo” on 14 December 1931. It included a "shuffling" circuit to preserve directional sound, an orthogonal “Blumlein Pair” of velocity microphones, the recording of two orthogonal channels in a single groove, stereo disc-cutting head, and hybrid transformer to mix directional signals. Blumlein brought his equipment to Abbey Road Studios in 1934 and recorded the London Philharmonic Orchestra.
Interactive Video Games +The "Brown Box" console, developed at Sanders Associates - later BAE Systems - between 1966 and 1968, was the first interactive video game system to use an ordinary home television set. This groundbreaking device and the production-engineered version Magnavox Odyssey game system (1972) spawned the commercialization of interactive video games, which became a multi-billion dollar industry.
Introduction of the Apple I Computer: 1976 +The features essential for a personal computer were first encompassed by the Apple I: a fully-assembled circuit board with dynamic RAM, video interface, keyboard, mass storage and a high-level programming language. This affordable computer platform triggered a software industry that grew as the sophistication of these essential features grew, and the Apple I thus helped launch the personal computer revolution.
Introduction of the Apple II Computer: 1977-1978 +The Apple II spurred software and hardware suppliers to help create the worldwide personal computing industry. It was the first low-cost computer to offer quick start-up, pre-addressed standard expansion slots, processor RAM-based bit-mapped NTSC color graphics and random access storage in a handsome compact package. It had an economy of design with a BASIC interpreter and assembler in ROM as well as gaming and graphics features.
Introduction of the Apple Macintosh Computer, 1984 +The Apple Macintosh created a new epoch in the personal computer industry by providing a complete graphical user interface platform in a compact, portable, low-cost package, featuring high-resolution bitmap graphics, a one-button mouse and an innovative switching power supply. Its ROM-based software built on its predecessor, the Lisa, to provide a standard UI platform that empowered third-party developers to create revolutions in diverse areas including desktop publishing and media editing.
Invention and development of vapor-phase axial deposition (VAD) method for mass production of high-quality optical fiber for telecommunication +In 1977, NTT researcher Dr. Tatsuo Izawa invented the vapor-phase axial deposition (VAD) method suitable for the mass production of optical fiber. The fabrication process was investigated collaboratively by NTT, Furukawa Electric, Sumitomo Electric, and Fujikura and the technology was successfully shifted from research and development to commercialization. The VAD method has contributed greatly to the construction of optical-fiber networks.


Line spectrum pair (LSP), an essential technology for high-compression speech coding, 1975 +Line Spectrum Pair, invented at NTT in 1975, is an important technology for speech synthesis and coding. A speech synthesizer chip was designed based on Line Spectrum Pair in 1980. In the 1990s, this technology was adopted in almost all international speech coding standards as an essential component and has contributed to the enhancement of digital speech communication over mobile channels and the Internet worldwide.


Research and education in electronics and communications at Cruft Laboratory, Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Science, 1915 to 1947 +Under the leadership of GW Pierce and EL Chaffee, recipients of the IRE Medal of Honor, Cruft Laboratory was the site of academic courses in electronics and communication, research, innovations, patents, books, and special training to the men and women of the armed forces. In 1917 the first Navy Radio Training School was established here. In the 1940s, the staff participated in training the armed forces in electronics and communications.
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