About Herbert Kroemer
Herbert Kroemer was born 25 August 1928 in Weimar, Germany, and studied at the Universities of Jena and Göttingen. During the Soviet blockade of Berlin in 1948, he worked a summer job at Siemens, and escaped the Soviet Zone to go to the West. After obtaining his PhD, Kroemer worked at house physicist at Central Communications Lab, where he got the idea for heterostructure bipolar transistors. After spending three years at RCA labs, he returned to Germany to head Phillips Semiconductor Group, working on gallium arsenide technology in 1957. Returning to the United States, he worked at Varian Associates, and studied the Gunn effect. Awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 2000. In 1968 went to University of Colorado, and in 1975 to University of California Santa Barbara.
About the Interview
HERBERT KROEMER: An Interview Conducted by John Vardalas, IEEE History Center, 12 February 2003
Interview #424 for the IEEE History Center, The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc., and Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
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It is recommended that this oral history be cited as follows:
Herbert Kroemer, an oral history conducted in 2003 by John Vardalas, IEEE History Center, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, USA.
INTERVIEWEE: Dr. Herbert Kroemer, 2000 Nobel Physics Laureate
INTERVIEWER: Dr. John Vardalas
DATE: 12 February 2003
PLACE: Dr. Kroemer's office at the University of California at Santa Barbara