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Milestones:First Transatlantic Transmission of a Television Signal via Satellite, 1962

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== First Transatlantic Transmission of a Television Signal via Satellite, 1962 ==
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[[Image:First Transatlantic transmission of television Maine.jpg|thumb]]  
 
[[Image:First Transatlantic transmission of television Maine.jpg|thumb]]  
  
Andover, Maine - Dedicated: July 2002 - IEEE Maine Section<br><br>''On 11 July 1962 this site transmitted the first transatlantic TV signal to a twin station in Pleumeur-Bodou, France via the TELSTAR satellite. The success of TELSTAR and the earth stations, the first built for active satellite communications, illustrated the potential of a future world-wide satellite system to provide communications between continents.''  
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Andover, Maine - Dedicated: July 2002 - [[IEEE Maine Section History|IEEE Maine Section]]
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''On 11 July 1962 this site transmitted the first transatlantic TV signal to a twin station in Pleumeur-Bodou, France via the TELSTAR satellite. The success of TELSTAR and the earth stations, the first built for active satellite communications, illustrated the potential of a future world-wide satellite system to provide communications between continents.''  
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'''The plaque can be viewed in the town commons of Andover, Maine.'''
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The site of the Andover Earth Station was selected by AT&amp;T in December 1960. The main factors were the topography of the land and the radio interference signal level. Other factors included a location in the Northeast United States to give a short great circle path to Western Europe, it was located close enough to existing transcontinental radio relay television and telephone routes to facilitate interconnection. In addition, the site had to be large enough to accommodate an antenna structure and control building, and provide for expansion, if necessary.
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Land was purchased in January, 1961, and construction of the complex began on 1 May. Building construction was completed and the equipment was installed in February 1962. The Ground Station was operational in the Spring of 1962. AT&amp;T and Bell Labs initiated, funded, constructed and took the leadership to make this project possible.
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The Andover Earth Station was equipped with a giant horn antenna,&nbsp;seven stories high and weighing three hundred and forty tons. To protect it from bad weather, a radome made of Dacron covered the antenna. It was one hundred and sixty&nbsp;feet high, two hundred and ten feet wide and weighed thirty tons.
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Telstar was launched on 10 July 1962 from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, which is located at the Kennedy Space Center, located on Cape Canaveral in Florida, and went into orbit at 4:46 am. The engineers at the Andover Earth Station would have to wait&nbsp;fifteen hours for the satellite, traveling at a rate of&nbsp;five miles per second, 3000 miles above the earth to reach within their "view." The engineers successfully sent a signal to Telstar, which amplified it&nbsp;ten billion times and relayed it back to Andover.
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[[Oral-History:Eugene O'Neill|Eugene F. O'Neill]], Telstar Project Director and [[IEEE Fellow Grade History|IEEE Fellow]], oversaw the success of this project at Andover. He noted, in his IEEE oral history, that one of the challenges was pointing an extremely sharp beam very accurately at the satellite. At 7:17 pm he announced "We've acquired Telstar!" At 7:31 pm an American flag at Andover appeared on the television screen. Then at 7:47 pm engineers at Andover received word that the France site, Pleumeur-Bodou, had received the television picture. History had been made.
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== Further Reading ==
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[[Milestones:First Transatlantic Reception of a Television Signal via Satellite, 1962|First Transatlantic Reception of a Television Signal via Satellite, 1962]] - IEEE Milestone sponsored by the [[IEEE France Section History|IEEE France Section]]
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[[Milestones:First Transatlantic Television Signal via Satellite, 1962|First Transatlantic Television Signal via Satellite, 1962]] - IEEE Milestone sponsored by the [[IEEE United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland Section History|IEEE UKRI Section]]
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== Dedication Ceremony ==
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<youtube>4oeCMvYDWZY</youtube>
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== Press ==
  
<br>The site of the Andover Earth Station was selected by AT&amp;T in December 1960. The main factors were the topography of the land and the radio interference signal level. Other factors included a location in the Northeast United States to give a short great circle path to Western Europe, it was located close enough to existing transcontinental radio relay television and telephone routes to facilitate interconnection. In addition, the site had to be large enough to accommodate an antenna structure and control building, and provide for expansion, if necessary.1 <br>Land was purchased in January, 1961, and construction of the complex began on 1 May. Building construction was completed and the equipment was installed in February 1962. The Ground Station was operational in the Spring of 1962. AT&amp;T and Bell Labs initiated, funded, constructed and took the leadership to make this project possible. <br>The Andover Earth Station was equipped with a giant horn antenna,&nbsp;seven stories high and weighed three hundred and forty tons. To protect it from bad weather, a radome made of Dacron covered the antenna. It was one hundred and sixty&nbsp;feet high, two hundred and ten feet wide and weighs thirty tons.
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<youtube>4Xv5fOBsNQ0</youtube>
  
<br>Telstar was launched on 10 July 1962 from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, which is located at the Kennedy Space Center, located on Cape Canaveral in Florida, and went into orbit at 4:46am. The engineers at the Andover Earth Station would have to wait&nbsp;fifteen hours for the satellite, traveling at a rate of&nbsp;five miles per second, 3000 miles above the earth to reach within their "view". The engineers successfully sent a signal to Telstar, which amplified it&nbsp;ten billion times and relayed it back to Andover.
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<div class="header"><span class="head1">INNOVATION</span><span class="head2">  MAP</span></div>
  
<br>Eugene F. O'Neill, Telstar Project Director and IEEE Fellow, oversaw the success of this project at Andover. He noted, in his IEEE oral history, that one of the challenges was pointing an extremely sharp beam very accurately at the satellite. At 7:17pm he announced "We've acquired Telstar!" At 7:31pm an American flag at Andover appeared on the television screen. Then at 7:47pm engineers at Andover received word that the France site, Pleumeur-Bodou, had received the television picture. History had been made. <br>
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<googlemap version="0.9" lat="44.93875" lon="-70.75005" zoom="10" width="300" height="250" controls="small">
<googlemap version="0.9" lat="44.93875" lon="-70.75005"  
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zoom="10" width="300" height="250" controls="small">
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44.93875, -70.75005,
 
44.93875, -70.75005,
 
First Transatlantic Transmission of a Television Signal via Satellite, 1962  
 
First Transatlantic Transmission of a Television Signal via Satellite, 1962  
 
Andover, Maine, U.S.A.
 
Andover, Maine, U.S.A.
</googlemap>
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</googlemap>  
  
[[Category:Communications|{{PAGENAME}}]] [[Category:TV|{{PAGENAME}}]]
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[[Category:TV|Satellite]] [[Category:Aerospace engineering|Satellite]] [[Category:Satellites|Satellite]]

Latest revision as of 19:12, 30 July 2014

Contents

First Transatlantic Transmission of a Television Signal via Satellite, 1962

Andover, Maine - Dedicated: July 2002 - IEEE Maine Section

On 11 July 1962 this site transmitted the first transatlantic TV signal to a twin station in Pleumeur-Bodou, France via the TELSTAR satellite. The success of TELSTAR and the earth stations, the first built for active satellite communications, illustrated the potential of a future world-wide satellite system to provide communications between continents.

The plaque can be viewed in the town commons of Andover, Maine.

The site of the Andover Earth Station was selected by AT&T in December 1960. The main factors were the topography of the land and the radio interference signal level. Other factors included a location in the Northeast United States to give a short great circle path to Western Europe, it was located close enough to existing transcontinental radio relay television and telephone routes to facilitate interconnection. In addition, the site had to be large enough to accommodate an antenna structure and control building, and provide for expansion, if necessary.

Land was purchased in January, 1961, and construction of the complex began on 1 May. Building construction was completed and the equipment was installed in February 1962. The Ground Station was operational in the Spring of 1962. AT&T and Bell Labs initiated, funded, constructed and took the leadership to make this project possible.

The Andover Earth Station was equipped with a giant horn antenna, seven stories high and weighing three hundred and forty tons. To protect it from bad weather, a radome made of Dacron covered the antenna. It was one hundred and sixty feet high, two hundred and ten feet wide and weighed thirty tons.

Telstar was launched on 10 July 1962 from the Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, which is located at the Kennedy Space Center, located on Cape Canaveral in Florida, and went into orbit at 4:46 am. The engineers at the Andover Earth Station would have to wait fifteen hours for the satellite, traveling at a rate of five miles per second, 3000 miles above the earth to reach within their "view." The engineers successfully sent a signal to Telstar, which amplified it ten billion times and relayed it back to Andover.

Eugene F. O'Neill, Telstar Project Director and IEEE Fellow, oversaw the success of this project at Andover. He noted, in his IEEE oral history, that one of the challenges was pointing an extremely sharp beam very accurately at the satellite. At 7:17 pm he announced "We've acquired Telstar!" At 7:31 pm an American flag at Andover appeared on the television screen. Then at 7:47 pm engineers at Andover received word that the France site, Pleumeur-Bodou, had received the television picture. History had been made.

Further Reading

First Transatlantic Reception of a Television Signal via Satellite, 1962 - IEEE Milestone sponsored by the IEEE France Section

First Transatlantic Television Signal via Satellite, 1962 - IEEE Milestone sponsored by the IEEE UKRI Section

Dedication Ceremony

Press

INNOVATION MAP