IEEE
You are not logged in, please sign in to edit > Log in / create account  

Milestones:First Television Broadcast in Western Canada

From GHN

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Created page with "{{ProposalNomination|docketid= 2009-10|proplink=First television broadcast in Western Canada}} <br> == Proposed Citation == === First television broadcast in Western Canada, ...")
 
 
(17 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{ProposalNomination|docketid= 2009-10|proplink=First television broadcast in Western Canada}} <br>
+
== First television broadcast in Western Canada, 1953  ==
  
== Proposed Citation  ==
+
[[Image:Mt Seymour 01.jpg|thumb|right|240px|Construction of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour begins, 1953.
 +
This and the following historical photographs were provided by CBC Transmission, Vancouver.]]
  
=== First television broadcast in Western Canada, 1953 ===
+
[[Image:Mt Seymour 02.jpg|thumb|right|240px|Construction of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour continues, 1953.]]
  
'''On 16 December 1953, the first television broadcast in Western Canada was transmitted from this site by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's CBUT Channel 2. &nbsp;The engineering experience gained here was instrumental in the subsequent establishment of the more than one thousand public and private television broadcasting sites that serve Western Canada today.'''<br>
+
[[Image:Mt Seymour 03.jpg|thumb|right|240px|The CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour is complete - Fall 1953]]
  
----
+
[[Image:Mt Seymour Region Senior Staff.jpg|thumb|right|240px|CBC Senior Staff at the time of the Mt. Seymour broadcasting site's opening in December 1953. From Left to Right: E. F. McGrath, Supervising Operator, CBU Transmitter. R. L. Whiteside, Technical Director, TV. A. Geluch, Chief Operator, Vancouver area. D. Horne, Supervisor Technical Operations, Vancouver Studios. F. B. C. Hilton, B.C. Regional Engineer. E. Rose, Assistant Technical Director, TV. M. S. Bishop, Senior Transmitter Operator, CBUT.]]
  
We propose to mount the plaque on a wall near the main gate of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour.&nbsp;CBC conducts frequent tours for students and the public. &nbsp;All tours include a stop at this location.  
+
[[Image:150px-CBUT logo 1953-76.jpg|frame|right|The logo used by CBUT - channel 2 from its commissioning in 1953 until a new system-wide corporate logo was introduced in 1976.]]
  
The site is located on the south slope of Mount Seymour, just below the Mount Seymour Ski Area. It&nbsp;is owned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.&nbsp;The geodetic coordinates of the site are Lat: 49°21′13″N, Lon: 122°57′24″W.<br>
+
''On 16 December 1953, the first television broadcast in Western Canada was transmitted from this site by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's CBUT Channel 2. The engineering experience gained here was instrumental in the subsequent establishment of the more than one thousand public and private television broadcasting sites that serve Western Canada today.''
  
== Historical Photographs  ==
+
'''Plaque will be viewable on a wall near the main gate of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour just below the Mount Seymour Ski Area. '''
  
The following historical photographs were provided by&nbsp;Dave Newbury, Senior Manager - West, CBC Transmission, Vancouver.<br>[[Image:Mt Seymour 01.jpg|thumb|center|480px|Construction of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour begins, 1953.]]
+
The CBUT broadcasting site on Mount Seymour (North Vancouver, British Columbia) was both&nbsp;the first television broadcasting site in Western Canada and&nbsp;the first high elevation/mountain top broadcasting site in Canada. The&nbsp;opening broadcast featured special launch ceremonies at 6 pm and was followed by a CBC newscast at 7 pm. (Western Canada refers to the four provinces west of the Great Lakes: British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. It is physically separated from Central Canada (Ontario and Quebec) by the Great Lakes and the relatively inhospitable Canadian Shield.)
  
[[Image:Mt Seymour 02.jpg|thumb|center|480px|Construction of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour continues, 1953.]]
+
At the time of the first broadcast, the establishment of a television station in Vancouver was seen as an important contribution to Canadian sovereignty and cultural identity. The first broadcast and associated ceremonies were major events.&nbsp; At the same time, CBUT provided an important training ground for and&nbsp;contributed to the principles and practices that guided&nbsp;the engineers who went on to deploy the over 1000 public and private broadcasting sites that serve Western Canada today.  
  
[[Image:Mt Seymour 03.jpg|thumb|center|480px|The CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour is complete - Fall 1953]]
+
Although VHF transmitting sites had already been established in Western Canada for FM broadcasting, these sites were generally located atop tall buildings in urban areas, e.g., VE9FG (later CBU-FM), a 1-kW FM broadcast station that became operational on 21 November 1947 and which was located at the Hotel Vancouver in downtown Vancouver''.''
  
[[Image:Mt Seymour Region Senior Staff.jpg|thumb|center|480px|CBC Senior Staff at the time of the Mt. Seymour broadcasting site's opening in December 1953. From Left to Right: E. F. McGrath, Supervising Operator, CBU Transmitter. R. L. Whiteside, Technical Director, TV. A. Geluch, Chief Operator, Vancouver area. D. Horne, Supervisor Technical Operations, Vancouver Studios. F. B. C. Hilton, B.C. Regional Engineer. E. Rose, Assistant Technical Director, TV. M. S. Bishop, Senior Transmitter Operator, CBUT.]]
+
The three television broadcasting sites that had been established in Canada previously (in Montreal, Toronto and Ottawa) were also installed at relatively low elevations.&nbsp;For the CBC managers of the day, establishing the network’s fourth television transmitter so far West and at a high elevation and a remote location was a bold and significant decision.
  
The original transmitter building burned to the ground a number of years ago and was rebuilt. The original garage, parts of the kitchen area and the original stone work from the original building were saved and are still apparent.
+
The relatively complicated topography of the Lower Mainland of British Columbia required that considerable care be taken to choose a broadcasting site that would provide the best coverage. Predicting and evaluating the coverage of a VHF broadcast transmitter in mountainous terrain is much different from the corresponding task for the MF broadcast transmitters that had been installed at various low-level locations throughout the Lower Mainland during the 1930‘s and 1940‘s. <br>
  
== Historic significance of this work: its importance to the evolution of electrical and computer engineering and science and its importance to regional/national/international development.  ==
+
The quality of the initial site selection and engineering is underscored by the longevity of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour and the large number of other television and FM broadcast transmitters that are installed in the same general area today, including:
  
The CBUT broadcasting site on Mount Seymour (North Vancouver, British Columbia) was both&nbsp;the first television broadcasting site in Western Canada and&nbsp;the first high elevation/mountain top broadcasting site in Canada. The&nbsp;opening broadcast featured special launch ceremonies at 6 pm and was followed by a CBC newscast at 7 pm.&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>
+
'''FM stations'''
  
[[Image:150px-CBUT logo 1953-76.jpg|frame|center|The logo used by CBUT - channel 2 from its commissioning in 1953 until a new system-wide corporate logo was introduced in 1976.]]
+
*BU-1-FM 88.1 (CBC Radio One)
 +
*CBUX-FM 90.9 (Espace Musique)
 +
*CKYE-FM 93.1 (Red FM)
 +
*CJJR-FM 93.7 (JR-FM)
 +
*CFBT-FM 94.5 (The Beat 94.5)
 +
*CKZZ-FM 95.3 (Virgin Radio 95.3)
 +
*CHKG-FM 96.1 (Fairchild Radio)
 +
*CKLG-FM 96.9 (Jack FM)
 +
*CBUF-FM 97.7 (Première Chaîne)
 +
*CFOX-FM 99.3 (99.3 The Fox)
 +
*CFMI-FM 101.1 (Rock 101)
 +
*CFRO-FM 102.7 (Co-Op Radio)
 +
*CHQM-FM 103.5 (103.5 QM/FM)
 +
*CFUN-FM-2 104.9 (104.9 Fun FM)
 +
*CBU-FM 105.7 (CBC Radio 2)
 +
*CKAV-FM-2 106.3 (Aboriginal Voices Radio)
  
(Western Canada refers to the four provinces west of the Great Lakes: British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. It is physically separated from Central Canada (Ontario and Quebec) by the Great Lakes and the relatively inhospitable Canadian Shield.)
+
'''TV stations'''
  
The historical context of the CBUT broadcasting site on Mount Seymour&nbsp;has been documented in
+
*CBUT-TV (CBC): VHF 2 (NTSC), UHF 58 (ATSC)
<blockquote>''Broadcasting in Canada: History and Development of the National System'', CBC, 1962, 92 pp. </blockquote>
+
*CHAN-TV (Global): VHF 8 (NTSC) UHF 22 (ATSC)
and
+
*CIVI-TV-2 (rebroadcaster of CIVI-TV, A): UHF 17 (NTSC)
<blockquote>''A Brief History of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation'', CBC, 1976, 40 pp.</blockquote>
+
*CBUFT-TV (Radio-Canada): UHF 26 (ATSC)
At the time of the first broadcast, the establishment of a television station in Vancouver was seen as an important contribution to Canadian sovereignty and cultural identity. The first broadcast and associated ceremonies were major events, as documented in
+
*CIVT-TV (CTV): UHF 32 (NTSC), UHF 33 (ATSC)
<blockquote>"CBC Chief in City", 15 December 1953. Television Transmitter, Mount Seymour Docket 1, Vancouver City Archives. </blockquote>
+
*CHNM-TV (OMNI): UHF 42 (NTSC)  
and
+
<blockquote>Anne Kloppenborg, Ed., ''Vancouver's first century&nbsp;: a city album 1860-1960'', Vancouver&nbsp;: J.J. Douglas, 1977. </blockquote>
+
CBUT provided an important training ground for and&nbsp;contributed to the principles and practices that guided&nbsp;the engineers who went on to deploy the over 1000 public and private broadcasting sites that serve Western Canada today, as related by
+
<blockquote>Dave Newbury, Senior Manager - West, CBC Transmission, Vancouver. (Dave has been a CBC employee for 40 years. He knew many of the engineers and technicians who worked at the CBC Broadcast Site when it began operation and is very familiar with the CBC transmitting sites in Western Canada.) </blockquote>
+
Although VHF transmitting sites had already been established in Western Canada for FM broadcasting, these sites were generally located atop tall buildings in urban areas, e.g., VE9FG (later CBU-FM), a 1-kW FM broadcast station that became operational on 21 November 1947 and which was located at the Hotel Vancouver in downtown Vancouver as documented at
+
<blockquote>Canadian Communications Foundation (Official site) at 
''http://www.broadcasting-history.ca .''</blockquote>
+
The three television broadcasting sites that had been established in Canada previously (in Montreal, Toronto and Ottawa) were also installed at relatively low elevations.&nbsp;For the CBC managers of the day, establishing the network’s fourth television transmitter so far West and at a high elevation and a remote location was a bold and significant decision.<br>
+
  
The quality of the initial site selection and engineering is underscored by the longevity of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour and the large number of other television and FM broadcast transmitters that are installed in the same general area today, including:<br>
+
== References and Further Reading ==
  
'''FM stations'''<br>CBU-1-FM 88.1 (CBC Radio One)<br>CBUX-FM 90.9 (Espace Musique)<br>CKYE-FM 93.1 (Red FM)<br>CJJR-FM 93.7 (JR-FM)<br>CFBT-FM 94.5 (The Beat 94.5)<br>CKZZ-FM 95.3 (Virgin Radio 95.3)<br>CHKG-FM 96.1 (Fairchild Radio)<br>CKLG-FM 96.9 (Jack FM)<br>CBUF-FM 97.7 (Première Chaîne)<br>CFOX-FM 99.3 (99.3 The Fox)<br>CFMI-FM 101.1 (Rock 101)<br>CFRO-FM 102.7 (Co-Op Radio)<br>CHQM-FM 103.5 (103.5 QM/FM)<br>CFUN-FM-2 104.9 (104.9 Fun FM)<br>CBU-FM 105.7 (CBC Radio 2)<br>CKAV-FM-2 106.3 (Aboriginal Voices Radio)<br>
+
The historical context of the CBUT broadcasting site on Mount Seymour has been documented in:
  
'''TV stations'''<br>
+
Broadcasting in Canada: History and Development of the National System, CBC, 1962, 92 pp.
  
CBUT-TV (CBC): VHF 2 (NTSC), UHF 58 (ATSC)<br>CHAN-TV (Global): VHF 8 (NTSC) UHF 22 (ATSC)<br>CIVI-TV-2 (rebroadcaster of CIVI-TV, A): UHF 17 (NTSC)<br>CBUFT-TV (Radio-Canada): UHF 26 (ATSC)<br>CIVT-TV (CTV): UHF 32 (NTSC), UHF 33 (ATSC)<br>CHNM-TV (OMNI): UHF 42 (NTSC)'''<br>''' <br>
+
A Brief History of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, CBC, 1976, 40 pp.
  
'''Preservation of the Historical Record'''
+
Also see:
  
Unlike scientific research, broadcasting is primarily a business undertaking and the companies involved have not seen fit to devote much effort to preserving the historical record. For example, the CBC disposed of much of the&nbsp;original documentation concerning early television broadcasting when the project&nbsp;group in Montreal moved to new offices some 20 years ago.&nbsp;
+
"CBC Chief in City", 15 December 1953. Television Transmitter, Mount Seymour Docket 1, Vancouver City Archives.  
  
In 1967, the Canadian Association of Broadcasters established The Canadian Communications Foundation with a mandate to "commemorate throughout Canada the development of electronic communications". The Foundation was largely dormant until a group of retired senior broadcasting executives led by Ross McCreath, Lyman Potts and Peter Searle revived the organization during the 1990's. Their efforts to document the history of broadcasting in Canada resulted in the development of their official website at
+
Anne Kloppenborg, Ed., Vancouver's first century&nbsp;: a city album 1860-1960, Vancouver&nbsp;: J.J. Douglas, 1977.  
<blockquote>The Canadian Communications Foundation, ''http://broadcasting-history.ca'' . </blockquote>
+
While some written records still exist, the CCF has been forced (as have we) to rely on interviews with senior and retired members of the broadcasting community to fill in the details regarding the history of broadcasting in Canada.<br>
+
  
In October 2009, we contacted Pip Wedge,&nbsp;Vice-President,&nbsp;Canadian Communications Foundation, regarding our efforts to prepare this nomination. He replied
+
[http://www.broadcasting-history.ca| Canadian Communications Foundation] (Official site).
<blockquote>If you think the involvement of CCF can in any way help you achieve your objectives, then of course I'll be happy to co-operate. As I've said, we don't have any historic information on CBUT beyond what is already on our site, but I'll wait to hear what you have in mind. </blockquote>
+
If the nomination is successful, we will invite CCF to help publicize it via their website and possibly to participate in the dedication ceremony.  
+
  
<br>
+
== Letter from the site owner giving permission to place IEEE milestone plaque on the property ==
  
== Distinguishing features or characteristics of this work  ==
+
[[Media:IEEE_Milestone_CBC.pdf|CBC Milestone Support Letter]]
  
As related above, only three television broadcast stations had been established in Canada prior to CBUT in Vancouver; all were located in Eastern Canada and all were installed at relatively low elevations. For the CBC managers of the day, establishing the network’s fourth television transmitter so far West, at a high elevation and at a remote location was a bold and significant decision.
+
== Proposal and Nomination ==
  
The relatively complicated topography of the Lower Mainland of British Columbia required that considerable care be taken to choose a broadcasting site that would provide the best coverage. Predicting and evaluating the coverage of a VHF broadcast transmitter in mountainous terrain is much different from the corresponding task for the MF broadcast transmitters that had been installed at various low-level locations throughout the Lower Mainland during the 1930‘s and 1940‘s.
+
[[Milestone-Proposal:First television broadcast in Western Canada|First Television Broadcast in Western Canada Proposal]]
  
<br>
+
[[Milestone-Nomination:First television broadcast in Western Canada|First Television Broadcast in Western Canada Nomination]]
  
----
+
<div class="header"><span class="head1">INNOVATION</span><span class="head2">  MAP</span></div>
  
<br>  
+
<googlemap controls="small" height="250" width="300" zoom="10" lon="-122.956667" lat="49.353611" version="0.9">
 +
49.353611,-122.956667
 +
CBC Broadcasting Site, Vancouver, Canada</googlemap>
  
This nomination was prepared by:
+
[[Category:Communications|{{PAGENAME}}]]
 
+
Prof. Dave Michelson, University of British Columbia, davem@ece.ubc.ca, and
+
 
+
Dave Newbury, Senior Manager - West, CBC Transmission,&nbsp;Dave.Newbury@cbc.ca
+
 
+
== Please attach a letter in English, or with English translation, from the site owner giving permission to place IEEE milestone plaque on the property.  ==
+
 
+
[[Media:IEEE_Milestone_CBC.pdf|IEEE_Milestone_CBC.pdf]]<br>[[Media:Mt_Seymour_01.jpg|Mt_Seymour_01.jpg]]<br>[[Media:Mt_Seymour_02.jpg|Mt_Seymour_02.jpg]]<br>[[Media:Mt_Seymour_03.jpg|Mt_Seymour_03.jpg]]<br>[[Media:Mt_Seymour_Region_Senior_Staff.jpg|Mt_Seymour_Region_Senior_Staff.jpg]]
+

Latest revision as of 13:00, 18 June 2012

Contents

First television broadcast in Western Canada, 1953

Construction of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour begins, 1953.  This and the following historical photographs were provided by CBC Transmission, Vancouver.
Construction of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour begins, 1953. This and the following historical photographs were provided by CBC Transmission, Vancouver.
Construction of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour continues, 1953.
Construction of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour continues, 1953.
The CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour is complete - Fall 1953
The CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour is complete - Fall 1953
CBC Senior Staff at the time of the Mt. Seymour broadcasting site's opening in December 1953. From Left to Right: E. F. McGrath, Supervising Operator, CBU Transmitter. R. L. Whiteside, Technical Director, TV. A. Geluch, Chief Operator, Vancouver area. D. Horne, Supervisor Technical Operations, Vancouver Studios. F. B. C. Hilton, B.C. Regional Engineer. E. Rose, Assistant Technical Director, TV. M. S. Bishop, Senior Transmitter Operator, CBUT.
CBC Senior Staff at the time of the Mt. Seymour broadcasting site's opening in December 1953. From Left to Right: E. F. McGrath, Supervising Operator, CBU Transmitter. R. L. Whiteside, Technical Director, TV. A. Geluch, Chief Operator, Vancouver area. D. Horne, Supervisor Technical Operations, Vancouver Studios. F. B. C. Hilton, B.C. Regional Engineer. E. Rose, Assistant Technical Director, TV. M. S. Bishop, Senior Transmitter Operator, CBUT.
The logo used by CBUT - channel 2 from its commissioning in 1953 until a new system-wide corporate logo was introduced in 1976.
The logo used by CBUT - channel 2 from its commissioning in 1953 until a new system-wide corporate logo was introduced in 1976.

On 16 December 1953, the first television broadcast in Western Canada was transmitted from this site by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's CBUT Channel 2. The engineering experience gained here was instrumental in the subsequent establishment of the more than one thousand public and private television broadcasting sites that serve Western Canada today.

Plaque will be viewable on a wall near the main gate of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour just below the Mount Seymour Ski Area.

The CBUT broadcasting site on Mount Seymour (North Vancouver, British Columbia) was both the first television broadcasting site in Western Canada and the first high elevation/mountain top broadcasting site in Canada. The opening broadcast featured special launch ceremonies at 6 pm and was followed by a CBC newscast at 7 pm. (Western Canada refers to the four provinces west of the Great Lakes: British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. It is physically separated from Central Canada (Ontario and Quebec) by the Great Lakes and the relatively inhospitable Canadian Shield.)

At the time of the first broadcast, the establishment of a television station in Vancouver was seen as an important contribution to Canadian sovereignty and cultural identity. The first broadcast and associated ceremonies were major events.  At the same time, CBUT provided an important training ground for and contributed to the principles and practices that guided the engineers who went on to deploy the over 1000 public and private broadcasting sites that serve Western Canada today.

Although VHF transmitting sites had already been established in Western Canada for FM broadcasting, these sites were generally located atop tall buildings in urban areas, e.g., VE9FG (later CBU-FM), a 1-kW FM broadcast station that became operational on 21 November 1947 and which was located at the Hotel Vancouver in downtown Vancouver.

The three television broadcasting sites that had been established in Canada previously (in Montreal, Toronto and Ottawa) were also installed at relatively low elevations. For the CBC managers of the day, establishing the network’s fourth television transmitter so far West and at a high elevation and a remote location was a bold and significant decision.

The relatively complicated topography of the Lower Mainland of British Columbia required that considerable care be taken to choose a broadcasting site that would provide the best coverage. Predicting and evaluating the coverage of a VHF broadcast transmitter in mountainous terrain is much different from the corresponding task for the MF broadcast transmitters that had been installed at various low-level locations throughout the Lower Mainland during the 1930‘s and 1940‘s.

The quality of the initial site selection and engineering is underscored by the longevity of the CBC Broadcasting Site on Mount Seymour and the large number of other television and FM broadcast transmitters that are installed in the same general area today, including:

FM stations

  • BU-1-FM 88.1 (CBC Radio One)
  • CBUX-FM 90.9 (Espace Musique)
  • CKYE-FM 93.1 (Red FM)
  • CJJR-FM 93.7 (JR-FM)
  • CFBT-FM 94.5 (The Beat 94.5)
  • CKZZ-FM 95.3 (Virgin Radio 95.3)
  • CHKG-FM 96.1 (Fairchild Radio)
  • CKLG-FM 96.9 (Jack FM)
  • CBUF-FM 97.7 (Première Chaîne)
  • CFOX-FM 99.3 (99.3 The Fox)
  • CFMI-FM 101.1 (Rock 101)
  • CFRO-FM 102.7 (Co-Op Radio)
  • CHQM-FM 103.5 (103.5 QM/FM)
  • CFUN-FM-2 104.9 (104.9 Fun FM)
  • CBU-FM 105.7 (CBC Radio 2)
  • CKAV-FM-2 106.3 (Aboriginal Voices Radio)

TV stations

  • CBUT-TV (CBC): VHF 2 (NTSC), UHF 58 (ATSC)
  • CHAN-TV (Global): VHF 8 (NTSC) UHF 22 (ATSC)
  • CIVI-TV-2 (rebroadcaster of CIVI-TV, A): UHF 17 (NTSC)
  • CBUFT-TV (Radio-Canada): UHF 26 (ATSC)
  • CIVT-TV (CTV): UHF 32 (NTSC), UHF 33 (ATSC)
  • CHNM-TV (OMNI): UHF 42 (NTSC)

References and Further Reading

The historical context of the CBUT broadcasting site on Mount Seymour has been documented in:

Broadcasting in Canada: History and Development of the National System, CBC, 1962, 92 pp.

A Brief History of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, CBC, 1976, 40 pp.

Also see:

"CBC Chief in City", 15 December 1953. Television Transmitter, Mount Seymour Docket 1, Vancouver City Archives.

Anne Kloppenborg, Ed., Vancouver's first century : a city album 1860-1960, Vancouver : J.J. Douglas, 1977.

Canadian Communications Foundation (Official site).


Letter from the site owner giving permission to place IEEE milestone plaque on the property

CBC Milestone Support Letter

Proposal and Nomination

First Television Broadcast in Western Canada Proposal

First Television Broadcast in Western Canada Nomination

INNOVATION MAP