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Milestone-Proposal:Birthplace of the Bar Code, 1948

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{{ProposalEdit|a1=Birthplace of the Bar Code, 1948|a2a=Drexel University, Philadelphia PA USA|a2b=Philadelphia|a3=1948-1949|a4=The bar code required simultaneous efforts in the areas of data representation, coding, automatic scanning, error correction, data storage, data security, and database design and management.  It required a step improvement in optical machine readable representation of data. The social and economic impacts were widely felt - they changed the way logistics of merchandise and inventories are organized and managed, and provided reliable and economic tracking and transfer of goods with significant savings in accounting and storage.  Applications ranged from goods billing in supermarket checkout stations to barcode based management of inventories of factories, hospitals, municipalities, transportation fleets, and law enforcement and army units.|a5=Prior to the invention of barcodes, automated registration of components and goods was largely unavailable.  Systems proposed on the basis of punch cards were too complicated and expensive.  The common pre-barcode alternative involved tedious manual processes based on tags that were read and recorded by humans.|a6=In 1948 there was no mechanism to code data in a way that would make it machine readable and no technology (such as optical devices) that would scan images on the move to extract useful information from them.  There was no computing infrastructure that would support the data storage and processing requirements.  These components needed to be invented or adapted from existing technology for the first time.|a7=The plaque will be affixed to a permanent wall on the ground floor in the Edmund D. Bossone Research Enterprise Center, Drexel University, 3140 Chestnut Street Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.  The Bossone Center is placed in the area where in 1948 the first discussions on barcodes took place between Silver, Woodland and others.  This is a public area, well lit, and accessible without restriction Monday to Friday from 7AM to 11PM local time.  No appointment or security barriers limit access at those times.|a8=No|a9=The site is protected by Drexel University staff and security. This is a public area, well lit, accessible without restriction Monday to Friday from 7AM to 11PM local time.  No appointment or security barriers limit access at those times.  There are often events, open houses, and parties organized nearby, and there is a lot of visitor and student traffic there.|a10=Drexel University|a11=Yes|a12=The IEEE Philadelphia Section:
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{{ProposalEdit|a1=Birthplace of the Bar Code, 1948|a2a=Drexel University, Philadelphia PA USA|a2b=Philadelphia|a3=1948-1949|a4=The bar code required simultaneous efforts in the areas of data representation, coding, automatic scanning, error correction, data storage, data security, and database design and management.  It required a step improvement in optical machine readable representation of data. The social and economic impacts were widely felt - they changed the way logistics of merchandise and inventories were organized and managed, and provided reliable and economic tracking and transfer of goods with significant savings in accounting and storage.  Applications ranged from goods billing in supermarket checkout stations to barcode based management of inventories of factories, hospitals, municipalities, transportation fleets, manufacturers, and law enforcement and army units.
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Selected References:
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1. Alan G. Robinson, Sam Stern: Corporate creativity: how innovation and improvement actually happen, Berrett-Koehler Publishers (January 1, 1997) ISBN: 9781576750094,
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chapter entitled "Self Initiated Activity," pp. 126-135.
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2. Milton Clayton Shaw: Engineering problem solving: a classical perspective, William Andrew Publishing(January 14, 2002), ISBN: 9780815514473, p. 437 ("The Bar Code Story")
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3. Article in "Wonders of Modern Technology" (available on line at http://www.barcoding.com/information/barcode_history.shtml) |a5=Prior to the invention of barcodes, automated registration of components and goods was largely unavailable.  Earlier proposed designs used punch cards and were too complicated and expensive.  The common pre-barcode alternative involved tedious manual processes based on tags that were read and recorded by humans.|a6=In 1948 there was no mechanism to code data in a way that would make it machine readable and no technology (such as optical devices) that would scan images on-the-move to extract useful information from them.  There was no computing infrastructure that would support the data storage and processing requirements.  These components needed to be invented or adapted from existing technology for the first time for barcodes to work.|a7=The plaque will be affixed to a permanent wall on the ground floor in the Edmund D. Bossone Research Enterprise Center, Drexel University, 3140 Chestnut Street Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA.  The Bossone Center is placed in the area where in 1948 the first discussions on barcodes took place between Silver, Woodland and others.  This is a public area, well lit, and accessible without restriction Monday to Friday from 7AM to 11PM local time.  No appointment requirements nor security barriers limit access at those times. |a8=No|a9=The site is protected by Drexel University staff and security. This is a public area, well lit, accessible to the public without restriction Monday to Friday from 7AM to 11PM local time.  No appointment requirements nor security barriers limit access at those times.  There are often events, open houses, and parties organized nearby, and there is a lot of visitor and student traffic there.|a10=Drexel University|a11=Yes|a12=The IEEE Philadelphia Section:
 
Jack Nachamkin, 2009 Chair  610.455.3897 jackn1@verizon.net
 
Jack Nachamkin, 2009 Chair  610.455.3897 jackn1@verizon.net
  
 
Robert C Lawson 2009 Vice Chair  856.866.6208 robert.c.lawson@lmco.com|a13name=Jack Nachamkin|a13section=Philadelphia Section|a13position=2009 Chair|a13email=jackn1@verizon.net|a14name=Robert C Lawson|a14ou=Philadelphia Section|a14position=2009 Vice Chair|a14email=robert.c.lawson@lmco.com|a15Aname=Moshe Kam|a15Aemail=m.kam@ieee.org|a15Aname2=Bruce Eisenstein|a15Aemail2=eisenstein@cbis.ece.drexel.edu|a15Bname=Moshe Kam|a15Bemail=m.kam@ieee.org|a15Bname2=Leonid Hrebien|a15Bemail2=lhrebien@coe.drexel.edu|a15Cname=Moshe Kam|a15Ctitle=Department Head and Robert Quinn Professor|a15Corg=ECE Department, Drexel University|a15Caddress=3141 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia PA 19104|a15Cphone=+1 215 895 6920|a15Cemail=m.kam@ieee.org}}
 
Robert C Lawson 2009 Vice Chair  856.866.6208 robert.c.lawson@lmco.com|a13name=Jack Nachamkin|a13section=Philadelphia Section|a13position=2009 Chair|a13email=jackn1@verizon.net|a14name=Robert C Lawson|a14ou=Philadelphia Section|a14position=2009 Vice Chair|a14email=robert.c.lawson@lmco.com|a15Aname=Moshe Kam|a15Aemail=m.kam@ieee.org|a15Aname2=Bruce Eisenstein|a15Aemail2=eisenstein@cbis.ece.drexel.edu|a15Bname=Moshe Kam|a15Bemail=m.kam@ieee.org|a15Bname2=Leonid Hrebien|a15Bemail2=lhrebien@coe.drexel.edu|a15Cname=Moshe Kam|a15Ctitle=Department Head and Robert Quinn Professor|a15Corg=ECE Department, Drexel University|a15Caddress=3141 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia PA 19104|a15Cphone=+1 215 895 6920|a15Cemail=m.kam@ieee.org}}

Revision as of 19:26, 2 September 2009

This Proposal has not been submitted and may only be edited by the original author.