Milestone-Nomination:Toshiba T1100, a pioneering contribution to the development of laptop PC, 1985
Docket Number: 2011-07
In the space below the line, please enter your proposed citation in English, with title and text. Text absolutely limited to 70 words; 60 is preferable for aesthetic reasons. NOTE: The IEEE History Committee shall have final determination on the wording of the citation
The Toshiba T1100, an IBM PC compatible laptop computer that shipped in 1985, made an invaluable contribution to the development of the laptop PC and portable personal computers. With the T1100, Toshiba demonstrated and promoted the emergence and importance of true portability for PCs running packaged software, with the result that T1100 won acceptance not only among PC experts but by the business community.
Please also include references and full citations, and include supporting material in an electronic format (GIF, JPEG, PNG, PDF, DOC) which can be made available on the IEEE History Center’s Web site to historians, scholars, students, and interested members of the public. All supporting materials must be in English, or if not in English, accompanied by an English translation. If you are including images or photographs as part of the supporting material, it is necessary that you list the copyright owner.
In the space below the line, please describe the historic significance of this work: its importance to the evolution of electrical and computer engineering and science and its importance to regional/national/international development.
Nowadays, people carry their portable PCs and use them anywhere. But until April 1985, with the introduction of Apple II in 1977, IBM PC  in 1981, personal computing had increasingly been accepted but usages had still been limited in fixed desktop environment.
Some companies developed smaller size computers, like Compaq’s “Portable I” which was suitcase size with 12.5 kg weight in 1982, Seiko’s “HX-20/HC-20” in 1982 with 1.6 kg weight, and NEC’s “PC8201A” in 1983 which size was about 1.7 kg. But these architectures were original and not only software but also these data were not compatible with these of IBM PC. So people could not bring out their data to out of their office, or they were required to convert these data to fit smaller computers.
In April 1985, T1100 was released as the first clam-shell lap-top computer in the world. It provided the same office/engineering computing environment witha desk-top PC, introduced ubiquitous computing style (Anytime, Anyone, Anywhere), and was used not only in offices but also at homes. Power management technology which had been developed for T1100 had been improved to the current “ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)” which has been widely used as a common power control standard in the world and enables stand-by/suspend mode and cutting power supply to sleeping devices in many computer architectures.
After T1100, the innovation by Toshiba has triggered the growth of lap-top and Note PC market up to $150 billion and, in addition, created the related component industries. (LCD：14 B$ HDD:17B$, Battery:11B$, CPU 34B$) 
In the last 25 years, Toshiba has sold 100 million personal computers. T1100 was the origin of “Lap-top Computers”; as all lap-top and notebook computers can be traced back to this model.
 “IBM Personal Computer. Before the beginning: Ancestors of the IBM Personal Computer”, IBM
 “HX-20”, Seiko Epson Corporation
 “T1100”, Toshiba Corporation
 ACPI, Advanced Configuration & Power Interface
 “IDC's 2010 Commercial PC Survey, Part 2: Worldwide Results”, IDC
 “Worldwide Electronics Market 2009”, Fuji Chimera Research Institute, Inc.
What features or characteristics set this work apart from similar achievements?
In 1984, Toshiba started development of real hand held computer which was compatible with IBM PC and could be used anywhere without bothering AC power supply. IBM PCs, those days, were designed to be used on desk and parts used them were designed without consideration of portability.
Toshiba engineers developed compact size parts. A few Gate Arrays was designed with same functions which were supported with a great number of ICs for desk top IBM PCs. Toshiba selected CMOS technologies for these Gate Arrays even most of ICs those days were designed with NMOS technology. With these solutions, T1100 realized not only compaction and light weight of 4kg, but also low power consumption.
In addition, new LCD and 3.5 inches floppy disc drive were developed for achieving highest density implementations ever before, to support same function of desk top PCs with smaller size devices.
Toshiba also developed rechargeable NiCad batteries from the ground. With reduced power consumption of the Gate Arrays, it achieved 8 hours battery life. One more important technology which enabled this long battery life was charge/discharge mechanism and its controlling driver software which were not yet available for IBM PC machines. Considering mobile environment, Toshiba selected Clam-shell system for T1100. This style is suitable for portable PC to guard LDC and keyboard. Toshiba developed new hinge and FPC (Flexible printed circuits) cable with light and enough durability and endurance.
Please attach a letter in English, or with English translation, from the site owner giving permission to place IEEE milestone plaque on the property.
The letter is necessary in order to process your nomination form. Click the Attachments tab to upload your letter.
Milestone Award Plaque Accept Sheet.pdf