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List of Achievements Suitable for Milestones

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A selective list of technical achievements in IEEE's fields of interest which might be suitable for proposal as milestones. Feel free to add others. To propose one of these achievements as a milestone, please follow the Milestone Guidelines.


DATE MILESTONE PERSON(S) LOCATION REG.
1617 Napier's Bones Napier Edinburgh, Scotland 8
1621 Slide rule Oughtred Albury, England 8
1623 Mechanical Calculator Schichard Tuebingen, Germany 8
1642 advanced calculator Pascal Paris, France 8
1671 reliable calculator Liebniz Mainz, Germany 8
1729 discovery of conduction Gray London 8
1746 Leyden jar Unknown Leyden, Netherlands 8
1790 galvanism Galvani Bologna, Italy 8
1808 arc lighting Davy London, England 8
1810 electrolytic telegraph von SommerinMunich, Germany 8
1819 discovery of current/ magnetic Oersted Denmark 8
1824 electromagnet Sturgeon London, England 8
1824 galvanometer Ampere Paris, France 8
1824 thermocouple Seebech Berlin, Germany 8
1828 electric motor Henry Albany, NY, USA 1
1828 microphone Wheatstone London, England 8
1828 Ohm's law/resistance Ohm Cologne, Germany 8
1830 bimetallic thermostat Ure Glasgow, Scotland 8
1831 discovery of induction Faraday London, England 8
1833 difference engine Babbage Cambridge, England 8
1833 electric telegraph key Gauss/Weber Goettingen, Germany 8
1834 early electric light Lindsay Dundee, Scotland 8
1834 electric telegraph Cooke&WheatsLondon, England 8
1837 Analytical engine Babbage London, England 8
1837 practical electric motor Davenport Rutland, VT,USA 1
1840 electroplating Wright Birmingham, England 8
1840 first "program" Ada Augusta London, England 8
1844 Washington-Baltimore telegraph Morse Maryland, USA 2
1844 Washington-Baltimore telegraph Morse Maryland, USA 2
1850 Kirchoff's laws Kirchoff Koenigsberg, Germany 8
1854 electric loom Bonelli Turin, Italy 8
1854 printing telegraph Hughes Kentucky, USA 3
1856 shuttle-wound armature von Siemens Berlin, Germany 8
1859 discovery of cathode rays Pluker Bonn, Germany 8
1859 storage battery Plante France 8
1860 arc welding Wilde London 8
1863 early generator Paccinotti Italy 8
1868 primary dry cell Leclanche France 8
1873 dc generator/lighthouses Gramme Belgium 8
1874 early electric car Salomans Kent, England 8
1875 electric dental drill Green Kalamazoo, MI, USA 4
1875 quadruplex telegraphy Edison New Jersey, USA 1
1877 dynamic microphone Curtis&ReddiBoston 1
1877 dynamic microphone Siemens Germany 8
1877 resistance welding Thompson Philadelphia, PA,USA 2
1877 telephone switchboard Holmes Boston, MA, USA 1
1878 alternator Gramme&FontaFrance 8
1878 alternator Siemens Germany 8
1879 commercial use of arc-lighting Brush Cleveland, OH, USA 2
1879 incandescant lamp Edison Menlo Park, NJ, USA 1
1880 Contributions of Lewis Latimer Latimer New York 1
1880 early hydroelectric site numerous Grand Rapids, MI, USA 4
1880 first electrically lit town numerous Wabash, Indiana 4
1881 commercial music over wire Cahill Holyoke, Mass., USA 1
1881 solar-powered pump Adams Bombay, India 10
1881 transformer Gaulard&GibbParis, France 8
1882 "Elektromote" trackless car von Siemens Halensee, Germany 8
1882 commercial electric fan Crocker&CurtNew York, NY, USA 1
1882 early hydroelectric site Brush Minneapolis,MN,USA 4
1882 early hydroelectric site Calder&BarreSurrey, England 8
1882 electric iron Seely New York, NY, USA 1
1882 electric mine railway von Siemens Saxony, Germany 8
1882 Pearl Street station Edison New York, NY,USA 1
1882 Vulcan street plant Edison Appleton, WI,USA 4
1883 Edison effect Edison New Jersey, USA 1
1885 magnetic circuit theory Hopkinson London, England 8
1885 mass production of Edison lampsThomson Lynn, MA 1
1886 bayonet cap light bulb Swan Newcastle-on-Tyne 8
1886 electric heater Burton Richmond,VA,USA 3
1886 electric submarine Peral Spain 8
1886 electrolytic reduction of alumiHall Oberlin, OH. USA 2
1886 electrolytic reduction of alumiHerault Paris, France 8
1886 First electric trolley system inumerous Montgomery,AL,USA 3
1886 proof/theory of electromag. wavHertz Karlsruhe, Germany 8
1887 electric elevator von Siemens Mannheim, Germany 8
1888 ac induction motor Tesla New York 1
1888 ac induction motor Ferraris Turin, Italy 8
1889 automatic telephone exchange Strowger Kansas City,MO,USA 4
1889 Marmelos Zero Hydro Plant numerous Minas Gerais, Brazil 9
1890 coherer Branly Paris, France 8
1890 electric motor car Morrison Demoines, Iowa 4
1890 high-frequency generator Thomson Chicago, USA 4
1890 long-distance ac transmission numerous Williamette Falls, OR 6
1890 Punched-card machine Holerith Washington,DC,USA 2
1893 Coney Island electric escalatorReno Brooklyn,NY,USA 1
1895 x-rays Roentgen Wuerzburg,Germany 8
1897 crt Braun Strausbourg,Germany 8
1897 electron Thomson Cambridge, England 8
1898 wireless power transmission Tesla New York,NY,USA 1
1899 loading coil Pupin AT&T 1
1899 magnetic recording Poulsen Denmark 8
1901 electric typewriter Cahill Washington,DC,USA 2
1901 mercury discharge lamp Cooper HewitNew York, NY, USA 1
1902 early broadcast StubblefieldMurphy,KY,USA 3
1902 oscilloscope Ryan Ithaca,NY,USA 1
1906 crystal detector Dunwoody&PicWashington,DC,USA 2
1906 crystal detector Braun Germany 8
1906 sound film Lauste Brixton, England 8
1906 telephone amplifier tube von Lieben Vienna, Austria 8
1906 triode De Forrest US 1
1907 Bell Labs founded Jewett, CartNew York, NY, USA 1
1907 cinema projection system Bell&Howell US 4
1907 upright vacuum cleaner Spangler New Berlin, OH, USA 2
1910 Ni-Cd battery Jungner Sweden 8
1910 radio direction finder Bellini&TosiBoulogne, France 8
1910 tungsten filament Coolidge US 1
1911 automobile self starter Kettering Dayton,OH,USA 2
1914 electric traffic light Benesch Cleveland,OH,USA 2
1915 1st transcontinental telephone Bell & WatsoSan Francisco 6
1915 2nd transcontinental telephone Bell & WatsoWashington,DC,USA 3
1916 radio telephone numerous Arlington, Virginia 2
1916 radio telephone numerous San Francisco 6
1917 superheterodyne Armstrong Columbia University 1
1917 superheterodyne Levy France 8
1917 VHF Marconi Wales 8
1918 electric refrigerator Wales et al.Detroit, US 4
1918 practical ac clock Warren Ashland,MA,USA 1
1919 neutrodyne Hazeltine Hoboken,NJ,USA 1
1919 permanent electrostatic fields Eguchi Japan 10
1921 magnetron Hall Schenectady,NY,USA 1
1923 PNJ Interconnection numerous Valley Forge,PA,USA 1
1924 stereo phonography Keller Bell Labs 1
1924 stereo phonography Blumlein London 8
1925 cinemascope Chretien France 8
1925 electrodynamic loudspeaker numerous Schenectady,NY,USA 1
1925 quartz crystal watch Numerous New York 1
1926 all-electric gramaphone Brunswick etChicago, USA 4
1926 mechanical TV/1st TV license Baird London, England 8
1926 South Africa lightning researchnumerous Capetown, SA 8
1927 1st commercial talkie (Jazz Sinnumerous Hollywood, USA 6
1927 all-electric juke box Harrison (WeChicago 4
1927 differential analyzer Bush Cambridge,MA,USA 1
1927 negative feedback amp Black Bell Labs 1
1927 pentode Holst/TellegEindhoven, Neth. 8
1927 pop-up toaster Strite Stillwater,MN,USA 4
1927 technicolor Kalmus et alCambridge,MA,USA 1
1928 all-electronic tv Farnsworth USA 6
1928 Geiger tube Geiger&MulleTuebingen, Germany 8
1929 coaxial cable numerous New York, NY, USA 1
1929 electro-encephalogram Berger Jena, Germany 8
1929 electron microscope Knoll&Ruska Berlin, Germany 8
1929 recording tape Pfleumer Austria 8
1930 FM Armstrong Columbia University 1
1931 commercial electric guitar RickenbackerLA,CA,USA 6
1931 crystal microphone Sawyer Cleveland Hts., OH 2
1931 electric razor Schick Stamford,CT,USA 1
1931 iconoscope Zworykin Pittsburgh,PA,USA 2
1932 TVA numerous Muscle Shoals, AL 3
1933 Wind turbine connected to grid Balaclava, Ukraine 8
1934 "Tone Wheel" electric organ Hammond&HaneChicago, IL, USA 4
1934 Diesel-electric traction Kettering Cleveland, OH, USA 2
1934 radio beam aerial navigation Plendl Rechlin, Germany 8
1935 early radar Watson-Watt London 8
1935 IBM mass-prod. electric typewrinumerous Endicott,NY,USA 1
1936 AEG "magnetophone" rec. & tape numerous Berlin, Germany 8
1936 Boulder Dam numerous Boulder City, NV,USA 6
1938 klystron Varian brothSilicon Valley 6
1938 Xerography Carlson New York, NY, USA 1
1939 1st electronic-digital computerAtanasoff&BeAmes,IA,USA 4
1941 Honeywell electronic autopilot numerous Minneapolis,MN,USA 4
1941 Grandpa's Knob Wind Turbine Putnam Grandpa's Knob, VT 1
1943 IBM Mark I numerous Endicott,NY,USA 1
1943 Naval Computing Machine lab numerous Dayton,OH,USA 2
1943 Rad Lab/microwave radar numerous Cambridge,MA,USA 1
1943 special-pupose electronic compuNewman&FloweBuckinghamshire,Eng 8
1946 Project Diana (ASC Electronics numerous Wall, NJ, USA 1
1948 Atomic clock/C-14 dating Libby Chicago,IL,USA 4
1948 experimental cable TV numerous Oregon, USA 6
1948 information theory Shannon MIT 1
1948 LP Goldmark (RCPrinceton, NJ, USA 1
1949 electric guitar Fender Anaheim, CA, USA 6
1950 Whirlwind Forrester etIBM 1
1951 junction transistor Shockley et New Jersey, USA 1
1952 Cinerama numerous New York 1
1952 Compiler Hopper Harvard University 1
1952 Magnetic core memory Wang Harvard University 1
1952 SAGE numerous Lincoln Labs 1
1952 Univac I Mauchley&EckPhiladelphia,PA,USA 2
1954 Electronic music synthesizer Olsen New York 1
1954 MASER Townes et alBell Labs 1
1954 Regency portable transistor radPies & Koch Indianapolis, IN, USA 4
1955 Shockley Lab Shockley Palo Alto, CA, USA 6
1956 Commercial nuclear power generanumerous Shippingport,PA,USA 2
1956 Fortran Backus New York, USA 1
1956 FORTRAN programming language Backus New York 1
1956 IBM comm. magnetic memory core numerous San Jose, CA, USA 6
1958 TI silicon junction transistor Teal (TI) Dallas, TX, USA 5
1958 van Allen Belts Van Allen Ames, IA,USA 4
1959 point-to-point microwave radio numerous Vancouver, Canada 7
1959 Texaco/TR computer-controlled rnumerous Port Arthur, TX, USA 5
1959 tunnel diode Esaki Tokyo, Japan 10
1960 COBOL numerous Washington,DC,USA 2
1960 LASER Maimon et alNew Jersey, NY 1
1962 GE LED numerous Syracuse, NY,USA 1
1962 Implantable pacemaker Greatbach Clarence, New York 1
1962 Unimation industrial obot numerous Danbury, MA,USA 1
1963 Langmuir Lab numerous New Mexico 6
1964 BASIC Kurtz Hannover,NH,USA 1
1964 IBM 360 numerous Endicott,NY,USA 1
1964 Laser Holography numerous Ann Arbor,MI,USA 4
1964 voltage-controlled music synth.Moog Trumansburg, NY, USA 1
1965 PDP-8 numerous Boston, MA, USA 1
1966 Fiber optics numerous Corning, NY 1
1967 Dolby sound Dolby London, England 1
1968 Computer mouse Engelbart etPalo Alto, CA, USA 6
1970 PASCAL Wirth Zurich,Switzerland 8
1971 INTEL 4004 Grove et al.Silicon Valley 6
1971 Microprocessor Hoff et al. Silicon Valley 6
1972 Space War: "1st Computer Game"Brand Stanford University 6
1973 Ethernet Metcalfe et Palo Alto, CA, USA 6
1974 First PCs (Scelbi-8H, Mark-8, Anumerous Englewood, NJ, USA 1
1977 BIOS Kildall Monterey, CA, USA 6