India in Space
India in Space
In 1947 on getting Independance from the British the young nation decided to follow the Democratic and Secular path giving importance to Science and Scientific Thinking. It was to the credit of the nations leaders that this path was chosen and it encouraged eminent scientists and technologists to persue the path of scientific discovery that has now led the nation to its present position in Science and Technology.
India is presnetly one of the leaders in Space exploration and probably the fifth country to have a re-entry vehicle. Shortly in 2008, the Indian Mission to the moon will be launched from its base in Sreeharikotta.
The whole saga of Space Exploration began in a very small way by setting up the INCOSPAR (India Committee for Space Research) headed by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai. In the early 60's the INCOSPAR established a Centre near Thumba in Kerala State. Thumba was near the point where the Magnetic Equater crosses India's west coast. The centre was named "Thumba Equitorial Rocket Launching Station" or TERLS.
The first Indian built rocket Rohini, blasted off successfully from TERLS in 1967. Dr Vikram Sarabahi led an eminent team that among others consisted of Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam. Rohini Rocket with two stages was also developed and tested in the same year. The entire design, fabrication, propellent and launch was done using indegenously developed technology.
The success of Rohini led the Government of India to establish the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) under Dr. Sarabhai in [Year to be added]. This organisation was given the twin job of developing both Sattelite Launch Vehicles and the Sattelites themselves.
TERLS was near a crowded city and on the West Coast. in order to utilise the energy of the spinning earth, a new location was chosen near Chennai on the east coast. This launch centre at Shreeharicotta called the Sriharicotta Sattelite Launch Centre (SHAR) is to this day being used to launch sattelites.
India's first Satteliete was launched from the Russian Facility at Baikinoor in 1975. It was named Aryabatta after the Indian astronomer who lived in the 4th century. After this followed a series of rocket improvements and Sattelites.