IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society History
HISTORY OF NPSS
The first activity of record in this field was the formation of a Nuclear Studies Committee in the IRE in 1947, to determine the proper role of the IRE in this new technical field. Subsequently, in 1949 a petition was filed for the formation of a Professional Group on Nuclear Science, and it was approved on April 5, 1949, with L. R. Hafstad as Chariman. On April 29, an organizational meeting was held, the membership at that time consisting of 54, increasing to 970 by the end of the year.
The new organization became visible on a number of fronts in the early 50's. In 1953, the PGNS formed an Atomic Energy Policy Committee which fielded a strong effort to have the Atomic Energy Act of 1946 modified. These efforts came to a fruition in the Atomic Energy Act of 1954. Early in the 50's the PGNS became a co-sponsor of the Scintillation Counter Symposium which has now merged into the Nuclear Science Symposium. Also in 1954 the first issue of the Transactions on Nuclear Science appeared. In 1956 the number of issues of the Transactions was increased from one a year to four.
At essentially the same time as the Professional Group on Nuclear Science was formed in the IRE, the AIEE formed a number of committees and subcommittees to work in this area, the most important being the Nucleonics Committee and Commmittee on Nucleonic and Radiation Instruments. With the merger of the IRE and AIEE on January 1, 1963, to form the IEEE, procedures were begun to merge the like-interest groups of the former societies. THe IRE Professional Group on Nuclear Science merged with the AIEE Nucleonics Committee and the Committee on Nucleaonic and Radiation Instruments on October 29, 1963, to become the Nuclear Science Group of the IEEE.
In 1972 two major events occurred for the Group. Midyear the scope was widened to include the plasma science field and in September the group was given Society status. The augmented group became the Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society. March of 1973 saw the debut of a second pbulication, the Transactions on Plasma Science. NPSS thus has the distinction of issuing two publications, in addition to a newsletter.
Over the years the Society has inaugurated or assumed responsibility for a number of conferences. Every year the Society sponsors conferences on Plasma Science, Radiation Effects, and Nuclear Science. Conferences on Particle Accelerators and Engineering Problems in Fusion Research and Data Acquisition in Nuclear and Particle Physics are sponsored every other year. In addition, other conferences such as Symposium on Nuclear Power systems are co-sponsored by the Society.
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