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Education:The First Machine - The Story of the Bow and Arrow

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== Worksheets  ==
 
== Worksheets  ==
  
Archery History Questions<br>
+
[[Media:Archery History Questions.pdf|Archery History Questions]]
Bow and Arrow Questions<br>
+
 
History of Archery By Tom Brissee – Questions <br>
+
[[Media:Bow and Arrow Questions.pdf|Bow and Arrow Questions]]
History of the Bow and Arrow Questions – 1<br>
+
 
History of the Bow and Arrow Questions – 2<br>
+
[[Media:History of Archery By Tom Brissee - Questions.pdf|History of Archery By Tom Brissee – Questions]]
HOW THE BOW AND ARROW TRAVELED AROUND THE WORLD<br>
+
 
Medieval Crossbow Questions<br>
+
[[Media:History of the Bow and Arrow Questions - 1.pdf|History of the Bow and Arrow Questions – 1]]
Medieval Short Bow and Arrow Questions<br>
+
 
Questions for The History of the Bow and Arrow by Michael Hinckley<br>
+
[[Media:History of the Bow and Arrow Questions - 2.pdf|History of the Bow and Arrow Questions – 2]]
TIMELINE OF THE BOW AND ARROW<br>
+
 
 +
[[Media:HOW THE BOW AND ARROW TRAVELED AROUND THE WORLD.pdf|HOW THE BOW AND ARROW TRAVELED AROUND THE WORLD]]
 +
 
 +
[[Media:Medieval Crossbow Questions.pdf|Medieval Crossbow Questions]]
 +
 
 +
[[Media:Medieval Short Bow and Arrow Questions.pdf|Medieval Short Bow and Arrow Questions]]
 +
 
 +
[[Media:Questions for The History of the Bow and Arrow by Michael Hinckley.pdf|Questions for The History of the Bow and Arrow by Michael Hinckley]]
 +
 
 +
[[Media:TIMELINE OF THE BOW AND ARROW.pdf|TIMELINE OF THE BOW AND ARROW]]

Revision as of 14:26, 2 December 2011

Contents

About

Title of lesson

The First Machine – The Story of the Bow and Arrow

Grade/Subject

Grades 8-12/Social Studies; US History; World History

Time Required for completed lesson

Dependent on number of materials used and length of class period. (One to four periods)

Standards

NJCCCA Social Studies:

  1. 6.2.8.B.1.c
  2. 6.2.8.C.1.b
  3. 6.2.8.C.3.b
  4. 6.2.8.B.4.c
  5. 6.2.8.C.4.b
  6. 6.2.8.C.4.e
  7. 6.2.8.D.4.j
  8. 6.2.12.B.1.a


Common Core State Standards

New Jersey - Grades 9-10

Key Ideas and Details

  • Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text.

Craft and Structure

  • Analyze how a text uses structure to emphasize key points or advance an explanation or analysis.

Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

  • Compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources.


Objectives



Materials Required


White board, smart board or easel, copies of the readings, colored pencils or markers, bow and arrow, globe or map, sling shot, DVD player.

Anticipatory Set

  1. Bring a bow and arrow to class.Have the students handle it and discover how it works. (Check for permission based on zero tolerance laws.
  2. Discuss how a sling shot works; bring one to class. Ask the students to consider how the sling shot can be improved upon. 
  3. Show a movie clip from "Robin Hood", "Pocahontas" or any combination of G rated movies which have bows and arrows i the story. Discuss the use of the bow and arrow and who is using it. Compare the Native American tool and the European one.
  4. Ask the students if they have ever taken archery lessons. Is it easy? hard?

Procedures

  1. Readings and questions based on the readings are offered at differing reading levels which will allow the teacher to differentiate within the class.
  2. Pictures and diagrams to promote the understanding of the nature of the bow and arrow as a machine.
  3. Timeline to be filled in by the students.
  4. Map study to be completed by the students. All procedures can be offered as whole class or individually completed exercises.

Assessment/Evaluations

  1. Students can explain how the bow and arrow works
  2. Students will hypothesize reasons for the invention of the bow and arrow.
  3. Lists will be developed with the historical and present uses of the bow and arrow and a comparison of the lists will be created as well.
  4. Students will follow the historical and geographic progression of the bow and arrow.
  5. Students will contemplate the possibility of ideas for inventions developing in different cultures within the same historic period.

Integration

Students will use literacy skills throughout the lesson. Science skills will be employed to explain the technical advances in this invention.

Accommodations

  1. Readings are offered at different lexile levels.
  2. All activities can be done individually, with the instructor or in groups.


Closure

(Two closures are offered, the choice of which is based on the number of days devoted to this subject and the abilities of the students. Both closures can be used and assigned based on differentiation of abilities.)

  1. Using the readings, timeline and maps, explain why the bow and arrow changed due to the needs of the people. Discuss the basic bow and arrow, the composite, the longbow and the crossbow.
  2. Discuss changes you have experienced in cell phones, computers, game boxes, televisions and other electronic devices. What kinds of changes occurred? Why did the changes occur? Who made these changes? Do you like the changes? Have they improved your life?

Resources

Readings

Archery History Bow and Arrow
History of Archery, by Tom Brissee
History of the Bow and Arrow – 1
History of the Bow and Arrow – 2
Medieval Crossbow
Medieval Short Bow and Arrow
The Bow and Arrow, a Historical Perspective
The History of the Bow and arrow by Michael Hinckley
North American Bows, Arrows and Quivers by Otis Tufton Mason
How We Got Here: From Bow and Arrow to the Space Age by C. R. Hallpike
The Third Invention: How the Bow and Arrow Changed History by Steve Hayes
Compare these changes in inventions with the changes in the bow and arrow.


Weblinks

inventors.about.com

library.thinkquest.org

www.historyforkids.org

www.newarchaeology.com


Vocabulary



Worksheets

Archery History Questions

Bow and Arrow Questions

History of Archery By Tom Brissee – Questions

History of the Bow and Arrow Questions – 1

History of the Bow and Arrow Questions – 2

HOW THE BOW AND ARROW TRAVELED AROUND THE WORLD

Medieval Crossbow Questions

Medieval Short Bow and Arrow Questions

Questions for The History of the Bow and Arrow by Michael Hinckley

TIMELINE OF THE BOW AND ARROW