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Category:Nuclear and plasma sciences

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Nuclear and plasma sciences
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== Background ==
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[[Image:27-inch cyclotron.gif|thumb|right|340px|M. Stanley Livingston (L) and Ernest O. Lawrence in front of 27-inch cyclotron at the old Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, 1934.]]
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Nuclear and plasma sciences deal with the study of atomic particles, including the state of plasma where a certain number of particles are ionized. While early atomic theory dates back to the late 18th century with the work of Antoine Lavoisier and Joseph Louis Proust, subatomic particles, specifically the electron, was discovered in 1897 by J.J. Thomson. Ernest Rutherford's model in 1909 gave a further understanding of nuclei and the Bohr model was developed in 1913, providing for a brief explanation of quantum mechanics. Rutherford would later discover the proton in 1918 and the proton-neutron model was proposed by Dmitry Ivanenko in 1932. Credit for the discovery of the neutron was given to James Chadwick, who won the Nobel Prize for his discovery in 1935.
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Further understanding of atomic structure led to particle accelerators in the form of the cyclotron (1932) and experiments with nuclear fission and fusion during the Manhattan Project resulting in the atomic bomb. More powerful particle accelerators called synchrotrons would be developed in the 1950s with the Bevatron and the Cosmotron. Synchrotrons are still used today, the largest of which being the Large Hadron Collider, built by CERN in 2009.
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The IEEE represents its interest in these sciences with the [[IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society History|IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society]], which publishes the Transactions on Nuclear Science, Transactions on Plasma Science and the Transactions on Medical Imaging.
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== Subcategories  ==
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*'''[[:Category:Colliding beam devices|Colliding beam devices]]''' - Particle accelerators which involve directed beams of particles
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*'''[[:Category:Electron emission|Electron emission]]''' - A type of beta decay in which an electron is emitted
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*'''[[:Category:Fusion power generation|Fusion power generation]]''' - Generation of nuclear power using fusion
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*'''[[:Category:Fusion reactors|Fusion reactors]]''' - Nuclear reactors which generate power by fusion
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*'''[[:Category:Gamma rays|Gamma rays]]''' - Electromagnetic radiation high frequency and very short wavelength
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*'''[[:Category:Gas discharge devices|Gas discharge devices]]''' - Devices which aid in the protection of data lines which may result from transient surgers
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*'''[[:Category:High energy physics instrumentation computing|High energy physics instrumentation computing]]''' - Computing used in high energy physics instrumentation
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*'''[[:Category:Ion beam applications|Ion beam applications]]''' - Applications of ion beams, including their implementation
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*'''[[:Category:Ion emission|Ion emission]]''' - Emission of ions, usually induced by fields
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*'''[[:Category:Nuclear electronics|Nuclear electronics]]''' - Electronics used in nuclear and particle physics
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*'''[[:Category:Nuclear medicine|Nuclear medicine]]''' - The branch of medicine which uses radioactive decay for imaging, diagnosis and treatment
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*'''[[:Category:Nuclear physics|Nuclear physics]]''' - The branch of physics dedicated to the study of the atom
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*'''[[:Category:Particle accelerators|Particle accelerators]]''' - Devices which accelerate charged particles to high speeds
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*'''[[:Category:Particles|Particles]]''' - Subatomic particles including neutrons, protons, electrons, positrons and photons
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*'''[[:Category:Plasmas|Plasmas]]''' - Topics dealing with plasma, the state of matter similar to a gas where particles are ionized
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*'''[[:Category:Radiation|Radiation]]''' - The process in which particles or waves travel through a medium
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*'''[[:Category:Reactor instrumentation|Reactor instrumentation]]''' - Instrumentation used in reactors
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*'''[[:Category:Scintillation counters|Scintillation counters]]''' - An instrument used to measure ionizing radiation

Revision as of 17:42, 19 May 2014

Background

M. Stanley Livingston (L) and Ernest O. Lawrence in front of 27-inch cyclotron at the old Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, 1934.
M. Stanley Livingston (L) and Ernest O. Lawrence in front of 27-inch cyclotron at the old Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley, 1934.

Nuclear and plasma sciences deal with the study of atomic particles, including the state of plasma where a certain number of particles are ionized. While early atomic theory dates back to the late 18th century with the work of Antoine Lavoisier and Joseph Louis Proust, subatomic particles, specifically the electron, was discovered in 1897 by J.J. Thomson. Ernest Rutherford's model in 1909 gave a further understanding of nuclei and the Bohr model was developed in 1913, providing for a brief explanation of quantum mechanics. Rutherford would later discover the proton in 1918 and the proton-neutron model was proposed by Dmitry Ivanenko in 1932. Credit for the discovery of the neutron was given to James Chadwick, who won the Nobel Prize for his discovery in 1935.

Further understanding of atomic structure led to particle accelerators in the form of the cyclotron (1932) and experiments with nuclear fission and fusion during the Manhattan Project resulting in the atomic bomb. More powerful particle accelerators called synchrotrons would be developed in the 1950s with the Bevatron and the Cosmotron. Synchrotrons are still used today, the largest of which being the Large Hadron Collider, built by CERN in 2009.

The IEEE represents its interest in these sciences with the IEEE Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society, which publishes the Transactions on Nuclear Science, Transactions on Plasma Science and the Transactions on Medical Imaging.

Subcategories

Pages in category "Nuclear and plasma sciences"

The following 123 pages are in this category, out of 123 total.

1

A

B

C

D

E

S

F

F cont.

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

P cont.

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

Media in category "Nuclear and plasma sciences"

This category contains only the following file.